Presentation on theme: "Civil War in Yugoslavia B B B Break-up EEEEthnic Cleansing CCCCrisis in Kosovo."— Presentation transcript:
Civil War in Yugoslavia B B B Break-up EEEEthnic Cleansing CCCCrisis in Kosovo
Yugoslavia after World War I Homeland for Slavs It consisted of various republics: Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia, Herzegovina, Macedonia, Slovenia and Montenegro
Religious Groups within Yugoslavia Orthodox Christians: Serbians Roman Catholics: Croatians Muslims: Bosnians The groups had distinct customs and religions but spoke the same language SERBS DOMINATED THE STATE
Yugoslavia post WW II Josip Broz Tito (Marshall) ruled Yugoslavia with an IRON hand until his death in 1980. Post Tito the economy weakens and age old ethnic conflicts flare up.
Yugoslavia Post WW II 1991 Communism collapses in Eastern Europe Civil War breaks out between the Croatians, Muslims and Serbians
Yugoslavia Post World War II Serbian leader Slobodan Milosevic stirs up ethnic unrest in his country leading to……
Bosnian Civil War 1992-1996 The war erupted between Muslims, Serbians and Croatians Serbs living in Bosnia received money and arms from Serbian leader Slobodan Milosevic The Muslims, who were the majority did not want the country divided into ethnic regions
Genocide Slobodan Milosevic led the Serbs and had a huge military advantage Troops were ordered to gather up mass Muslims and shoot them or force them to flee their village.
UN peacekeepers In Srebrenica, U.N. peacekeepers stood by helplessly as the Serbs under the command of General Ratko Mladic systematically selected and then slaughtered nearly 8,000 men and boys between the ages of twelve and sixty - the worst mass murder in Europe since World War II.
Slaughter The grave contained victims of the 1995 Srebrenica massacre, in which about 8,000 Muslim men and boys were killed by Bosnian Serb troops.
The Genocide PPPPolice regularly committed human rights abuses in the form of torture or physical abuse. PPPPeople young and old were thrown in trucks and shipped off to their deaths. EEEEscapees were shot or decapitated if caught. Young child who was murdered by military officers.
UN, NATO and RUSSIA work for peace 1995 NATO launched air strikes against the Bosnian Serb military Dayton Accords = peace agreements
After the Genocide UUUUp to 200,000 men, and boys over 13 years old, were killed. BBBBosnian women and girls were held captive, raped and released when they were pregnant with Serbian babies TTTThe slaughtering was carried out by strict military orders. TTTThousands of bodies were buried in mass graves. TTTThere are still 20,000 people listed as missing in Bosnia.
Kosovo Crisis – Now Independent Kosovo is a province in Serbia sacred to Christian Serbs 90% of its inhabitants are ethnic Albanians who are Muslim Milosevic stripped Kosovo of its autonomy and established martial law Ethnic cleansing of Albanians began NATO held air strikes against Serbs
International War Crimes Trial for: Slobodan Milosevic Tried by the ICJ for crimes against humanity Trial lasted 4 years Prior to sentencing in March 2006 he died in jail
“The tragedy of Srebrenica will forever haunt the history of the United Nations.” – Kofi Annan