Figure of speech compares one thing to something entirely different-It’s never literally true! Ex: It’s raining cats and dogs.
Simile figure of speech which compares two unlike things using like or as Example:The horse ran as fast as the wind.
Metaphor comparing two unlike things without using like or as Example: He is a beast on the football field.
Personification giving human qualities to a non-human thing Example: The Lion King or The wind whispered.
Alliteration repetition of a consonant sound at the beginning of words Ex:Sally sells seashells at the seashore!
Onomatopoeia When a word sounds like what it represents Example:The bee buzzed.
Tone the attitude of the writer or the speaker towards the subject of the poem or toward the audience.
Free form poetry Where a poem does not have a required form [This shrubby bush preparing itself to blossom re- sem- bles you]
Imagery using the five senses to evoke a strong picture Example: I left my body laying somewhere In the sands of time. body layingsands of timebody layingsands of time
Lyric poem A poem that expresses an emotion or tells how the author feels about life. Neyo’s “Beautiful Monster” is a lyric poem because it tells how he feels about his girl.
Iambic Pentameter This is a particular meter in poetry. meterpoetrymeterpoetry It refers to a line consisting of five iambic feet. iambic feetiambic feet Below is a line of iambic pentameter Ay, Pil grim Lips that they must use in prayer
Fixed form poetry -a type of poem or poetry that has a required form (For example:it has a required amount of lines or syllables or rhyme scheme or all of the above) Example: A haiku poem 5 syllables in the first line, 7syllables in the 2 nd line, 5 syllables in the last line
Speaker the voice that talks directly to us in a poem. The speaker is not always the author.
Symbol something that stands for or represents something else. Example: A heart is a symbol for love.
Hyperbole An overstatement or exaggeration Example:Her heart was as big as a house! (p.s. also a simile)
Rhyme Scheme the pattern of rhyme used in a poem rhyme Example:(Shakespearean sonnets have an abab cdcd efef gg rhyme scheme) The last word of lines 1 and 3 will rhyme. The last word of lines 2 and 4 will rhyme.
Slant Rhyme rhyme in which either the vowels or the consonants of stressed syllables are identical EXAMPLE: I heard a Fly buzz – when I died –/ The Stillness in the Room/ Was like the Stillness in the Air – / Between the Heaves of Storm – Room and Storm are slant rhymes.
Narrative poem A poem that tells a story Eminem’s song “Stan” is a narrative poem because it tells a story.
Internal Rhyme rhyme that occurs within the lines or repetition of an end rhyme within a line Example: I love the doves that float from above