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Poetry Vocabulary.

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Presentation on theme: "Poetry Vocabulary."— Presentation transcript:

1 Poetry Vocabulary

2 Alliteration: Allusion: Ballad: Blank Verse:
Repetition of initial consonant sounds Allusion: A reference to a well-known person, place, event, literary work, or work of art Ballad: A song-like poem that tells a story Blank Verse: Poetry written in unrhymed, ten-syllable lines

3 Figurative Language: Free Verse: 7. Haiku:
Writing that is not meant to be taken literally Free Verse: Poetry not written in a regular rhythmical pattern or meter 7. Haiku: A three-lined Japanese verse

4 8. Imagery: Lyric Poem: Metaphor:
A word or phrase that appeals to one or more of the five senses Lyric Poem: Highly musical verse that expresses the observations and feelings of a single speaker Metaphor: Comparing two unlike things without using like or as

5 11. Mood: 12. Narrative Poem: Onomatopoeia: Personification:
The feeling created in the reader by a literary work 12. Narrative Poem: A story told in verse Onomatopoeia: The use of words that imitate sounds Personification: A type of figurative language in which a non-human subject is given human characteristics

6 15. Refrain: Repetition: Rhyme: Rhyme Scheme:
A regularly repeated line or group of lines in a poem Repetition: The use, more than once, of any element of language Rhyme: Repetition of sounds at the end of words Rhyme Scheme: A regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem

7 19. Rhythm: Pattern of beats or stresses in spoken or written language Simile: A figure of speech that uses like or as to make a direct comparison between two unlike ideas My love is like a red rose.

8 - A fourteen-line poem with a specific rhyme scheme and rhythm
21. Sonnet: - A fourteen-line poem with a specific rhyme scheme and rhythm 22. Stanza: A formal division of lines in a poem considered as a unit

9 Poetry Humor & Poetry

10 Humor Humor in poetry can arise from a number of sources:
Surprise Exaggeration Bringing together of unrelated things Most funny poems have two things in common: Rhythm Rhyme

11 Rhythm & Rhyme “The Porcupine” By Ogden Nash
Using more spirited language makes humorous situations even more humorous “The Porcupine” By Ogden Nash Any hound a porcupine nudges Can’t be blamed for harboring grudges. I know one hound that laughed all winter At a porcupine that sat on a splinter.

12 If you take away the rhythm and rhyme, the humor vanishes.
Any hound that touches a porcupine Can’t be blamed for holding a grudge I know one hound that laughed all winter long At a porcupine that sat on a piece of wood

13 Limericks A limerick is a poem of five lines
The first, second, and fifth lines have three rhythmic beats and rhyme with one another. The third and fourth lines have two beats and rhyme with one another. They are always light-hearted, humorous poems.

14 Limericks There once was a man with no hair.
He gave everyone quite a scare. He got some Rogaine, Grew out a mane, And now he resembles a bear!

15 Limerick About a Bee I wish that my room had a floor,
I don’t care so much for a door. But this walking around Without touching the ground Is getting to be quite a bore.

16 Another Limerick (notice the rhyme scheme)
There once was a very small mouse (a) Who lived in a very small house, (a) The ocean’s spray (b) Washed it away, (b) All that was left was her blouse! (a)

17 You will create a limerick similar to this one…
There once was a man from Beijing. All his life he hoped to be King. So he put on a crown, Which quickly fell down. That small silly man from Beijing.

18 Fill in the blanks and create your own Limerick.
There once was a _____ from _____. All the while she/he hoped ________. So she/he ____________________, And ________________________, That _________ from ___________.

19 My Limerick: There once was a crab from the sand.
All the while he hoped for some land. So he walked off the beach, And ate a ripe peach, Then he started up his own band.

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