Presentation on theme: "Sonnets A fourteen-line lyric poem, usually written in iambic pentameter (a line of poetry made up of 5 iambs, a metrical foot or unit of measure consisting."— Presentation transcript:
1 SonnetsA fourteen-line lyric poem, usually written in iambic pentameter (a line of poetry made up of 5 iambs, a metrical foot or unit of measure consisting of an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable), that has one of several rhyme schemesLyric Poetry – poetry that focuses on expressing emotions or thoughts, rather than on telling a storyA problem is presented, a question is posed, or an idea is expressed, and then a “turn” resolves or answers the question
2 Shakespearean Sonnet Sometimes called the English Sonnet Used by William ShakespeareThree quatrains ( 3 four-line units),each quatrain has related ideasEnding in a couplet (2 rhyming lines), sums up the poet’s conclusionRhyme scheme is usually –abab cdcd efef gg
3 Spenserian Sonnet Developed by Edmund Spenser Three quatrains (3 four-line units)Ending in a couplet (2 rhyming lines)Usual rhyme scheme –abab bcbc cdcd ee
4 My love is like to ice, and I to fire; From Amoretti Sonnet Edmund SpenserMy love is like to ice, and I to fire;How comes it then that this her cold so greatIs not dissolved through my so hot desire,But harder grows the more I her entreat?Or how comes it that my exceeding heatIs not delayed by her heart frozen cold,But that I burn much more in boiling sweat,And feel my flames augmented manifold?What more miraculous thing may be toldThat fire which all thing melts, should harden ice,And ice which is congealed with senseless cold,Should kindle fire by wonderful device?Such is the power of love in gentle mind,That it can alter all the course of kind.The speaker here compares his lovefor a woman to fire and her rejection of his love to ice. However, the speaker is puzzled because if his beloved is like ice and he is like fire, how is it that his desire doesn’t melt her coldness but only makes it harder? Also, how is it that his desire isn’t cooled by her coldness but instead grows hotter? The sonnet develops this paradox, concluding that in the case of love, the rules of nature are suspended: fire does not melt ice, nor does ice cool fire.Paradox – an apparent contradiction that is somehow true
5 Sonnet 75 Edmund Spenser One day I wrote her name upon the strand. But came the waves and washed it away;Again I wrote it with a second hand,But came the tide, and made my pains his prey.“Vain man,” said she, “that doest in vain assay,”A mortal thing so to immortalize,For I myself shall like to this decay,And eke my name be wiped out likewise.”“Not so,” quod I, “let baser things devise”To die in dust, but you shall live by fame:My verse your virtues rare shall eternize,And in the heavens write your glorious name.Where when as death shall all the world subdue,Our love shall live, and later life renew.”
6 Sonnet 73 William Shakespeare That time of year thou mayst in me beholdWhen yellow leaves, or none, or few, do hangUpon those boughs which shake against the cold,Bare ruin’d choirs, where late the sweet birds sang.In me thou seest the twilight of such dayAs after sunset fadeth in the west,Which by and by black night doth take away,Death’s second self, that seals up all in rest.In me thou see’st the glowing of such fireThat on the ashes of his youth doth lie,As the death-bed whereon it must expireConsumed with that which it was nourish’d by.This thou perceivest, which makes thy love more strong,To love that well which thou must leave ere long.Through metaphors of autumn, twilight, and glowing embers, the speaker conveys his advancing age and weakening hold on life. In a turn at the end of the poem, the speaker acknowledges that his beloved recognizes his frailties, yet loves him all the more because he’ll soon be goneThe difference between the speaker’s age and his beloved’s is emphasizedEach quatrain develops a deep metaphor – the speaker is compared to a bare tree in autumn, the ruins of a church, the twilight after sunset, and the glowing embers of a dying fireThe turn occurs in l. 13Parallel Structure – introduces each of the three metaphors “You see in me…”Tone – Emphasizes the passing of time, making the sonnet poitnant and reinforcing its melancholy toneThis sonet contains three models of life: a season, a day, and a fire (A season and a day fade, but a fire burns providing a glow. So, too the love the speaker invokes in the final couplet does not fade but glows and grows stronger as the end approaches.)
7 Let me not to the marriage of true minds Sonnet William ShakespeareLet me not to the marriage of true mindsAdmit impediments. Love is not loveWhich alters when it alteration finds,Or bends with the remover to remove:O no! It is an ever-fixed markThat looks on tempests and is never shaken;It is the star to every wandering bark,Whose worth’s unknown, although his height be takenLove’s not Time’s fool, though rosy lips and cheeksWithin his bending sickle’s compass come:Love alters not with his brief hours and weeks,But bears it out even to the edge of doom.If this be error and upon me proved,I never writ, nor no man ever loved.This sonnet tells what love is and what it is not. Love is not changeable, but fixed and unalterable. Love is also not “Time’s fool”: It doesn’t change as time passes or when beauty fades. In the final couplet, the speaker claims that if he’s wrong about love, then he “never [wrote]”And no one “ever loved.”Metaphorically – marriage of true mindsImpediments – taken from English wedding vows (If any of you know cause or just impediment why these persons should not be joined together...)ll. 2-4, 9, 11 – define love by what it is notll. 5-8, 12 define love by telling what it isSynecdoche – a figure of speech in which a part of something represents the whole (rosy lips and cheeks represent youth and health)Allusion – l. 10 – alluding to the grim reaper with image of sickle or bladePersonification – Time is personified as the grim reaperMetaphors – ll. 5-6 – Love is as steady as a seamarkThe turn or change of moods occurs between ll. 13 and 14Could this sonnet be read at a wedding?