2 Figurative Language:Is language or speech that contains images and is NOT intended to be interpreted in a literal senseDescribes something through unusual comparison for effect, interest, and to make things more clearThe most common figures of speech are simile, metaphor and alliteration
3 Figures of Speech:Imagery: language that appeals to the senses. Descriptions of people, or objects stated in terms of our senses.Simile: a direct comparison between two unlike things, using the words like or as. Example: The muscles on his brawny arms are strong as iron bands.
4 Figures of Speech:Metaphor: an implied comparison between two relatively unlike things using a form of the verb “to be”. The comparison does NOT use like or as. Example: The road was a ribbon of moonlight.Alliteration: repeated consonant sounds that occur at the beginning of words. It is used to create melody, establish mood, call attention to important words, and point out similarities and contrasts.Example: wide-eyed and wondering while we wait for others to wake
5 Figures of Speech:Personification: gives the qualities of a person to an animal, an object, or an idea. Used to communicate a certain feeling or attitude, or to control the way a reader perceives it.Example: sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines.Onomatopoeia: the use of words to mimic soundsExample: Snap! Crackle! Pop!
6 Figures of Speech:Hyperbole: An exaggerated statement used to enhance effectExample: She’s said so on several million occasionsIdioms: language specific expressionsExample: A little bird to meAchilles' HeelJack of all tradesTables are turnedTake your breath away
7 Figures of Speech:Paradox: a statement or situation containing apparently contradictory or incompatible elements, but may actually be true.Example: green is goldMen work together whether they work together or apartIrony: an expression or situation used in opposition to what one would expect Example: the fire station burned down
8 Rhyme:Refers to the repetition of similar sounds occurring at regular intervalsExample: Hey, diddle, diddle; The cat and the fiddle….Five kinds of rhyme:End Rhyme: the duplication of sounds that takes place at the end of linesExample: Little Boy Blue, come blow your horn, The sheep’s in the meadow, the cow’s in the corn2. Rhyme: Rhyme that occurs within a single line of poetryExample: Little Bo Peep has lost her sheep
9 Rhyme cont.3. Forced Rhyme: A rhyme that is created by mispronouncing words, or inventing words to make the rhyme work.Example: Farewell, Farewell, you old rhinocerosI’ll stare at something less prepocerous4. Imperfect Rhyme: a rhyme between a stressed and unstressed syllableExample: wing and caring5. Perfect Rhyme: final accented vowels of rhyming words are identicalExample: sight and flight, sadness and madness
10 Rhyme Scheme: The pattern of rhymed words Stanzas are often linked by their rhyme schemeWritten out in letter formExample: Humpty Dumpty sat on a wallHumpty Dumpty had a great fallAll the king’s horses and all the king’s menCouldn’t put Humpty together again!
11 Rhythm: a pattern in the beat of stresses in the stream of sound Tone: the expression of a literary speaker’s attitudeExample: the tone can be happy, sad, reflective, etc.Couplet: a pair of rhymed lines