Presentation on theme: "The Foreign Policies Theodore Roosevelt- “Speak softly and carry a big stick” William Howard Taft- “Dollar Diplomacy” Woodrow Wilson- “Moral Diplomacy”"— Presentation transcript:
The Foreign Policies Theodore Roosevelt- “Speak softly and carry a big stick” William Howard Taft- “Dollar Diplomacy” Woodrow Wilson- “Moral Diplomacy”
Roosevelt’s Idea Teddy thought the United States needed more than just the Monroe Doctrine. Roosevelt Corollary- if any Latin nation engages in chronic wrongdoing, the United States had the right to intervene, which included sending the military. Civil unrest Irresponsible finances Who might be against this policy?
Roosevelt Corollary in the Dominican Republic (Santo Domingo) 1904 DR owed $32 million to European nations Corruption, bad book keeping, poor decisions European nations wanted to invade Teddy decided to invade himself – take control of customs house and control situation
Panama Canal French attempted it but stopped because of disease and cost Revolutionaries want Panama to be independent – US sends gunboat in support and Panama becomes independent 1904 begin to build canal Roosevelt visits – 1 st time sitting president leaves US 1914 – Canal opens
Great White Fleet 16 Battleships from Atlantic Fleet Painted white Sailed around the world 1907-1908 “We just wanted to let the world know we were prepared for anything they wanted to kick up. We wanted to show the world what we could do ” -random sailor
William Howard Taft Dollar Diplomacy- the strategic use of a country’s finances to extend its international influence and power Would invest in international opportunities to gain favor from other nations as well as provide the United States with economic expansion opportunities. Send money, not ships. Prevent European countries from lending money
Sometimes Peaceful, Sometimes Not Taft wanted to protect the new investment in Panama, so he attempted to purchase Honduran debt from British bankers. Nicaragua – funded revolutionaries, sent in troops to protect American banks
Wilson’s Moral Diplomacy and American Exceptionalism
Moral Diplomacy Give support to countries that had the same “morals” as the US AKA Democracy American Exceptionalism America has the duty to spread liberty and freedom Support fellow democracies and injure other forms of government
Involvement in Mexico Revolution had been occuring since 1899, in 1913 Victoriano Huerta came into power Wilson refused to recognize this government – “a government of butchers” American ships in Veracruz – weakened Huerta’s power Venustiano Carranza came into power – Wilson recognized Why is this important? The US is involved in the internal affairs of other countries
Pancho Villa Revolutionary – protested President Wilson’s support of Caranza Attacked small town in New Mexico President Wilson sent troops Lead by John J Pershing Mexican government did not approve of US troops in Mexico
What are we today? Do we follow Teddy Roosevelt’s “Do whatever because America” policy, William Howard Taft’s “Dollar Diplomacy,” or Woodrow Wilson’s “Moral Diplomacy”?