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Lesson Shared Gifts: Introducing Irony

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1 Lesson 12 2.6 Shared Gifts: Introducing Irony
Purpose -to explain how images signify the literal and symbolic importance of objects to the development of characters - To explain how situation irony contributes to the theme of “The Gift of the Magi”

2 Bell Ringer Define the following terms found on page 98 Tone Irony
Allusion Commentary (pg 104) Textual commentary (pg 104)

3 Allusion Examples “Don’t act like a Romeo in front of her.”
– “Romeo” is a reference to Shakespeare’s Romeo, a passionate lover of Juliet, in “Romeo and Juliet”. The rise in poverty will unlock the Pandora’s box of crimes. – This is an allusion to one of Greek Mythology’s origin myth, “Pandora’s box”. “This place is like a Garden of Eden.” –This is a biblical allusion to the “garden of God” in the Book of Genesis. “Hey! Guess who the new Newton of our school is?” – “Newton”, means a genius student, alludes to a famous scientist Isaac Newton. “Stop acting like my ex-husband please.” – Apart from scholarly allusions we refer to common people and places in our speech.

4 appearance reality Skills: Irony
Irony refers to a contrast between _________________ and ____________. More specifically, we have three types. appearance reality

5 opposite Situational Irony
Situational irony exists when an occurrence is the ___________________ of what is expected. opposite

6 Means another Verbal Irony
Verbal irony occurs when a person says one thing and _______________________. Means another

7 Character does not know
Dramatic irony exists when the reader or audience knows something the __________________________. Dramatic Irony Character does not know

8 Situational How do we expect _______________ to end?
Choose a movie that uses situational irony. How is the ending of a movie the opposite of what we expect?

9 Verbal What is an example of one person saying something, but their meaning is different? Think of movies or every day life where this occurs.

10 Dramatic In __________________, we know that:
Pick a scary movie; how is dramatic irony at work in this movie?

11 Diffusing the Text PreReading Discussion
Diffusing the text is a simple strategy. It is actually not that much different than a double entry journal. The goal of diffusing the text is to break the text into smaller chunks in order to 1. discuss the text 2. analyze the text and 3. acknowledge any confusion. We will read the first four paragraphs and highlight any words we do not know. We will try and figure out the words by context. Words we do not know might be references to people, places, or events in the Bible, mythology, or history. These allusions might be important to the Bible or to historical people, places, or events. As we read, we will diffuse the text and also answer the questions in the notes column.

12 SIFT The acronym SIFT stands for Symbol, Images, Figurative Language, and Tone or Theme. We can use this strategy to “sift” through the parts of a story in order to explore how a writer uses literary elements and stylistic techniques to convey meaning or theme. Identifying these elements is the key to helping us understand the author’s purpose and his commentary on life, the story’s theme. After reading, go back and scan examples of symbols, imagery, figurative language, and tone/theme, and complete the SIFT graphic organizer on page 104.

13 Quiz Next Class You will have a quiz next class over the story “Gift of a Magi.” Please make sure to review the following terms before taking the quiz POV Imagery Symbols Irony Diction Tone Main Idea Theme Conflict (internal/external)

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