2 Getting to Know the Perfect Tense James Smith was born in England. He is English.He moved to Thailand in Now, he lives nearSukhumvit Road and works as a part-timeEnglish teacher at Bangkok Prep InternationalSchool.Therefore, James Smith has lived in Bangkokfor seven years.
3 When should we use the Present Perfect tense? There is always a connection with the past and with thepresent. We normally use present perfect tense to talkabout:experiencesan event/ situation which started in the past and continues up to now
4 Form of Present Perfect I have had a cold for two weeks. She has been in England for six months. Mary has loved chocolate since she was a little girl.Have/ Has + Past Participle (V3)
5 What is a Past Participle? For regular past tense verbs = the –ed form: liked, walked, worked, talked For irregular past verbs = memorize: been, seen, had, eaten, shown, written
6 Present Perfect Forms Affirmative Negative Question I have travelled to America.They have drunk coffee sinceShe has slept since last night.I have not travelled to America.They have not drunk coffee sinceShe has not slept since last night.Have you ever travelled to America?Have they drunk coffee since 10.00?Has she slept since last night?Americans do not use the present perfect tense as much as British speakers do. The Americans often use the past tense instead. An American might say "Did you have lunch?", while a British person would say "Have you had lunch?"
7 Use1: Present Perfect Tense for Experiences We often use the present perfect tense to talk about experience from the past. We are not interested in when you did something. We only want to know if you have done and have experienced it. TIP!! We often use never and ever with the Present Perfect Tense to talk about experience.Have you ever seen Twilight? I have been to Australia. We have never eaten caviar.PastPresentFutureThe action or state happened in the past.In my head, now…I have a memory of the event.I know something about the event.I have experienced it.
8 Use 2: Present Perfect for Continuing Event We often use the present perfect tense to talk about a event that started in the past and continues in the present (and will probably continue into the future). This is a state (not an action!!). Tip!! We often use since and for to say how long the action has lasted.I have worked here since June. He has been ill for 2 days. I have known Tara for a year.PastPresentFuture---I IThe situation started in the past.It continues up to now.(It will probably continue into the future.)
9 Key Words for Present Perfect Already = (adv.) before now I have already finished my homework. Not yet = (adv.) not before now Scientists have not yet discovered a cure. Since and for Since + specific point in the past when the action started For + duration, length of time
10 Key Words for Present Perfect Ever = (adv.) at any time, including the present ** Used only in questions Have you ever ridden a horse? Before = at some time in the past behind the present time I have been to Las Vegas before. Several times, many times, a few times, a couple of times, a lot of times = for indefinite or repeated past actions
11 Reminder about Adverb Placement With two verbs (auxiliary and main verb), place the adverb between them I have already finished my homework.
13 Remember! Different grammar tenses are used in different Grammar has meaning!Different grammar tenses are used in differentsituations or contexts and they carry differentmeanings.For example . . .
14 Use the Present Perfect for action that started in the past, but ... is still true today.Use the Simple Past for action that happened in the past and is ...finished!
15 The Simple Past always refers to an action or situation that is finished. The Present Perfect connects the past and the present. It is used to show that an action or situation in the past that ...- continues today, OR- might happen again
16 Compare the meaning of these two sentences: 1. Sara lived in Boston for 5 years.2. Sara has lived in Boston for 5 years.The first sentence uses: Past SimpleThe second sentence uses: Present PerfectPast SimplePresent Perfect
17 Sara lived in Boston for 5 years. Meaning: Sara started living in Boston 5 years ago AND then she moved!Now she lives in a different city, Paris maybe.Remember, the simple past is used for a situation that is over, finished, or done!
18 Sara has lived in Boston for 5 years. Meaning: Sara began living in Boston 5years ago AND she still lives there.Remember, Present Perfect connects the past with the present.
19 Use the Past Simple with time words like: yesterday last Saturday, week, month, year, etc.agowhen I was…in 1990 (past date)Use the Present Perfect with time words like:recently/ latelysince …so farSleepSlept
20 Remember! In these cases, USE the Past Simple. If you are talking about a specific time in the past (yesterday, last month, etc.), you cannot use the present perfect.In these cases, USE the Past Simple.
21 Complete the sentences with either the Past Simple or Present Perfect. 1. When I was a child, I _____________ (swim) a lot.2. So far this week, we _____________ (study) a lot.3. They ________________ (be) very sick recently.4. I ______________ (have) a terrible headache yesterday.5. It _________________ (rain) a lot lately.6. They ________________ (get) married ten years ago.7. I ________________ (be) to Balboa Park many times.8. My family _______________ (take) a vacation last year.swamhave studiedhave beenhadhas rainedgothave beentook