2 HISTORYJames Naismith was a physical education instructor in Springfield, Massachusetts who invented basketball in 1891 and used peach baskets as hoops.In the early 1900s, the iron rim and net were invented.
3 BASKETBALL EQUIPMENT Comfortable athletic shoes and clothing Goals
4 HOW TO PLAY There are 2 teams of 5 players each. Regulation games: High School: 4- 8 minute quartersCollege: 2-20 minute halvesNBA: 4-12 minute quarters
5 HOW TO PLAY Game starts with a jump-ball at midcourt. Scoring: Floor Shots: 2 pointsBeyond 3 point line: 3 pointsFree Throw: 1 pointBall advances by dribbling, passing, or shooting.The game is won by the team with the most points after time has expired.
6 BASKETBALL COURT SIDELINE BASELINE BASELINE LANE SIDELINE 3 POINT LINESIDELINEFREE THROWBASELINELANEBASELINEMID-COURT LINESIDELINE
7 POSTIONSCENTERCenters are generally your tallest players. They are usually positioned near the basket.FORWARDNormally the second tallest player on the team. These players can be positioned under the hoop and may also play in the wings and corner areas.GUARDNormally the shortest and fastest players on the team; these players must be really good at dribbling, seeing the court, and passing the ball. It is their job to bring the ball down the court and set up offensive plays.
8 DRIBBLINGUsing the finger pads to move the ball from one place to another keeping it under control using a pushing motionDRIBBLE VIDEO
9 A pass that bounces off the floor before it reaches the receiver BOUNCE PASSA pass that bounces off the floor before it reaches the receiverBounce Pass Video
10 A two-handed pass thrown from chest height CHEST PASSA two-handed pass thrown from chest heightCHEST PASS VIDEO
11 OVERHEAD PASSA pass thrown from over the head to clear a defender or for added powerOVERHEAD PASS VIDEO
12 Receiving a passed or thrown ball without letting it hit the floor CATCHINGReceiving a passed or thrown ball without letting it hit the floorCATCHING VIDEO
13 REBOUNDINGThe act of successfully gaining possession after a missed basket or free throw
14 A shot taken while a player is jumping through the air JUMP SHOTA shot taken while a player is jumping through the air
15 A shot taken with both feet on the floor in a set position SET SHOTA shot taken with both feet on the floor in a set position
16 JUMP STOPA move where a player jumps into the air and then lands on both feet; the player can then pivot on either foot.JUMP STOP VIDEO
17 PIVOTINGTo hold onto the ball and move around, legally, by keeping one foot in the same spot
18 THREE POINT SHOTA shot taken from outside a designated area on the court that scores three points if made
19 LAY-UPA type of shot, where the player dribbles to the basket and without stopping shoots the ball (right/left/hop/shoot).LAY-UP VIDEO
20 FREE THROWA free shot taken from the free throw line as the result of a foul; worth one point if made
21 DEFENSEThe team that does not have possession of the ball; the process used by a team to prevent an opponent from scoring
22 OFFENSEThe team that has possession of the ball; a player or team responsible for scoring in a game
23 TYPES OF DEFENSEMAN TO MAN DEFENSEZONE DEFENSEA defense in which a player guards another specific playerA defense that covers an area or a zone instead of a specific player
24 SCREEN AND CUTTINGSCREENINGCUTTINGThe act of blocking a defender from guarding or staying close to another player.An explosive movement toward the basket when trying to elude a defender.
25 PICK AND ROLLAn offensive play where a player sets the screen on a teammate’s defensive player and pivots and rolls toward the basket to receive a passNot on test..PICK AND ROLL VIDEO
26 GIVE & GOAn offensive play where the ball handler passes to a teammate, moves to the basket, and receives a quick pass for a shotGIVE AND GO VIDEO
27 GUARDINGKeeping an opponent from scoring or receiving the ball from a teammate, also known as, defending or playing defense.
28 When the defense takes control of the ball legally STEALWhen the defense takes control of the ball legally
29 VIOLATIONAn infraction of the rules such as traveling, double dribble, carrying, etc.
30 DOUBLE DRIBBLEA violation of dribbling the ball with two hands, or stopping and restarting the dribbleDOUBLE DRIBBLE VIDEO
31 A violation of moving with the ball without dribbling TRAVELINGA violation of moving with the ball without dribbling
32 CARRYING/PALMINGWhen a player dribbles the ball with his hand too far to the side of or, sometimes, even under the ballCARRYING VIDEO
33 PERSONAL FOULA foul that involves illegal physical contact such as blocking, charging, elbowing or holding
34 CHARGINGAn offensive foul that is committed when a player pushes or runs over a defensive player. The ball is given to the opposing teamNot on test..
35 BLOCKINGBlocking is illegal personal contact resulting from a defender not establishing position in time to prevent an opponent's drive to the basketNot on test..
36 FLAGRANT FOULViolent contact with an opponent including hitting, kicking, and punching; this type of foul results in free throws for the opponent in addition to them retaining possession of the ball after the free throwsNot on test..
37 TECHNICAL FOULA foul called against a player or coach for unsportsmanlike conduct such as arguing with a referee