Presentation on theme: "Changing Demographics: Impacts to Oregon and the U.S. Are demographic changes taking place? –Changes in Racial / Ethnicity composition? Richard Bjelland."— Presentation transcript:
Changing Demographics: Impacts to Oregon and the U.S. Are demographic changes taking place? –Changes in Racial / Ethnicity composition? Richard Bjelland OHCS State Housing Analyst (503) 986-0983 email@example.com
Presentation Definitions A person of Hispanic or Latino Ethnicity may be of any race Minority represents any of the following: –An individual of any race other than white only –A multiracial individual –A person of Hispanic or Latino Ethnicity Non-Minority or “white only” – A white only non-Hispanic or Latino person
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, decennial census of population, 1980 to 2000.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, decennial census of population, 1990 to 2000.
California Demographics In 1970, 4 in 5 Californians were white; now whites are in the minority – 44.5 % Only one in three children in California’s public schools is white; 45 % are Latino In Los Angeles, only 10 % are white; 70 % are Latino District F in LAUSD has 60,000 students; 98 % are minorities; and contains Belmont High School - 5,500 students with a 40 % graduation rate Education 101 - The Economist Print Edition, April 29th, 2004
Cumulative Estimates of the Components of Population Change by Race and Hispanic or Latino Origin for the United States: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005 Race and Hispanic or Latino origin Total population change* Natural Increase Net International Migration TotalBirthsDeaths TOTAL POPULATION14,985,8028,651,86121,329,80412,677,9436,333,941.One Race14,304,5008,048,54320,649,21612,600,6736,256,173..White9,748,4545,474,70216,288,56010,813,8584,274,278..Black or African American2,204,4701,710,5443,236,5571,526,013493,542..American Indian and Alaska Native199,150150,041209,15259,11149,171..Asian2,098,350682,925878,407195,4821,415,274..Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander54,07630,33136,5406,20923,908.Two or more races681,302603,318680,58877,27077,768.Race alone or in combination:(1)..White10,370,3786,039,29716,917,72010,878,4234,331,515..Black or African American2,619,1272,098,7563,645,9281,547,172519,704..American Indian and Alaska Native228,539164,497267,035102,53863,893..Asian2,369,911905,8181,124,585218,7671,463,859..Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander82,87646,83962,16015,32136,279 HISPANIC OR LATINO ORIGIN7,380,8464,123,2684,685,371562,1033,257,595 WHITE ALONE, NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO ORIGIN2,789,4411,601,51311,888,32010,286,8071,188,483 HISPANIC OR LATINO ORIGIN % of Change49.3%47.7%22.0%4.4%51.4% WHITE ALONE, NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO ORIGIN %18.6%18.5%55.7%81.1%18.8% (1) 'In combination' means in combination with one or more other races. The sum of the five race groups adds to more than the total population because individuals may report more than one race. Source: Population Division, U.S. Census Bureau
Changing Demographics Impacts on Educational Attainment An Example of Impacts Under the Following Assumptions Past High School Students High School Graduation Rate % Graduating High School % HS Graduates Obtaining College Degree % College Graduates of All High School Students % of All HS Students not Graduating High School Hispanic10%55%5.50%15%0.83%4.50% NH Minority10%70%7.00%25%1.75%3.00% White NH80% 64.00%40%25.60%16.00% Total100% 76.50% 28.18%23.50% Future (using California's current student ratios) Hispanic45%55%24.75%15%3.71%20.25% NH Minority22%70%15.40%25%3.85%6.60% White NH33%80%26.40%40%10.56%6.60% Total100% 66.55% 18.12%33.45% In this scenario * 36% decrease in percent graduating from college * 42% increase in percent of students not graduating high school
The reality of Latino Youth in the United States Only 50% of the Latino Students graduate from high school. In Oregon the percentages are even lower. A Latino Youth that drops-out of High School earns around $6,500 dollars a year. Source: EducationTrust.org
US Labor supply, 1950 to 2000 and Projected Labor supply, 2000-2050 Labor Supply Change in millions in millions 1950 62.2 1960 69.6 7.4 1970 82.8 13.2 1980 106.9 24.1 1990 125.8 18.9 2000 140.9 15.1 2010 157.7 16.8 2020 164.7 7.0 2030 170.1 5.4 2040 180.5 10.4 2050 191.8 11.3 Source, 2000 to 2050, Toossi, MLR, May 2002, table 5; 1950-1990 http://www.census.gov/statab/hist/02HS0029.xls Baby boomers retire
Source: Pew Hispanic Center Study - Suro and Passel
Major Demographic Impacts Racial/ethnic composition of public school students changing rapidly in Oregon Minority population generally less educated with lower earnings capacity White educated Baby Boomers begin retiring in 2010 Work force growth will mostly come from minority population - primarily Hispanic Federal and state revenue will be negatively impacted unless minority earnings increase Ratio of workers to retired persons is decreasing - putting pressure on retirement plan funding
Demographic Conclusions U.S./Oregon is rapidly changing from primarily a majority nation of white non-Hispanic persons to a racially and ethnically diverse population Hispanic/Latino and Asian populations are the fastest growing; white only beginning to decrease Hispanic/Latino population increases now account for half of U.S. population growth Planning and policy decisions in education, work force development, housing, social services, etc. need to anticipate and accommodate these changes
Changing Demographics: Impacts to Oregon and the U.S. Are demographic changes taking place? What are impacts of demographic changes? Where do Oregonians live? View this presentation at www.ohcs.oregon.gov/OHCS/PPR_Demogr aphics.shtml Richard Bjelland OHCS State Housing Analyst (503) 986-0983 firstname.lastname@example.org