2 RECRUITMENTRecruitment is the process of locating and encouraging potential applicants to apply for existing or anticipated job openings.Is the process of finding & attracting capable applicants for employment.The result is a pool of applicants from which new employees are selected.
3 Is stimulating them to apply for jobs in the org Is stimulating them to apply for jobs in the org. It makes possible to acquire the no. & types of people necessary to ensure the continued operation of the org.
4 factors governing recruitment The process of recruitment is influenced by a variety of environmental factors.supply & demandunemployment ratelabour mkt.Politico-social factorssons of soilimage of the co.recruitment policyHRPSize of the firmcostGrowth & expansionrecruitmentThe Factories Act, The Apprentices Act, The Employment Exchanges Act, The Contract Labour Act,Bonded Labour System Act,The Child Labour(prohibition & regulation) Act ,inter state migrant workmen (regulation of employement & conditions of service) Act
5 RECRUITMENT PROCESS HR policy Job analysis Employee requisition To selectionJobvacanciesRecruitmentPlanning-nos.-typesSearchingActivation“selling”--message--mediaApplicantpoolPotentialhiresscreeningStrategyDevelopment--where--how--whenApplicantpopulationEvaluation& control
6 Recruitment planningof applicants to be contactedNumberOrg.s. plan to attract more applicants than they will needTypesDepends on tasks & responsibilities involved & qualification & experience expected---Available through job description & job specification
7 Strategy Developmentmake or buy employeesThru trg. from within or take less qualifies & train accordinglyHire professionals / trained peopletechnological sophistication--- methods used in recruitment/selection--- use of computers—can scan national / international applicantswhere to look—local mkt/national level/international level
8 Methods or Sources of Recruitment How to lookMethods or Sources of Recruitmentinternal sourcesexternal sources.
9 InternalPresent employeesPromotions and transfersJob posting: It is a method of publicizing job openings on bulletin boards, electronic media and similar outlets by a company
10 .Employee referrals: It is a kind of recommendation from a current employee regarding a job applicant.Former employeesDependents of deceased/disabled employeesretrenched/ retired employeeCasual/ temporary employee
11 -professional or trade association -placement agencies External Sources-professional or trade association-placement agenciesthese publish trade journals/ magazines-advertisements-Employee exchange-campus recruitment-walk insWant ads—describe the job/ benefit/ employerBlind ad—no identification of org.s.post box no.
12 -consultants-contractors-displaced personsrehabilitating the displaced people is a social responsibility of business.-acquisitions & mergerswhen org.s combine ,they have to handle a pool of employees-competitors--rival firms can be a source of recruitmentAlso called poaching/raiding—identifying the rt.
13 people in co.s. & offering them better terms & luring them away. -computer data bank-casual applicants—depending upon the image of the org, candidates hand over applications or just send an-trade unionsTU leaders being close to mgmt People come & meet them
14 -scoutingsending representative of the org.s to various sources to stimulate them to apply .Representatives provide information about the co. etc--e-recruitment.
15 Methodsmeans by which org. establishes contact with potential candidates ,provides them necessary information & encourages them to apply for jobsSources—locations where prospective employees are availableMethods– ways of establishing links with the prospective employees.
16 DIRECT METHODSScoutingemployee contacts,waiting listsmanned exhibits (sending recruiters to seminars ,conventions, fairs , using mobile offices)Campus recruitment
17 INDIRECT METHODSNewspaper advertisementstelevision and radio advertisements,in journals,magazines,brochures
18 Third party methods –agencies used to recruit HR Private employment search firmsEmployment exchangesGate hiring and contractorsUnsolicited applicants/walk-insInternet recruitingFriends & relatives of existing staffTrade unions
19 Alternatives to recruiting OvertimeTemporary employeesEmployee leasing: Hiring permanent employees of another company who possess certain specialised skills on lease basis to meet short-term requirementsOutsourcing