Prefrontal cortex “Executive” brain Planning, analyzing, prioritizing Immaturity = Impulsiveness & tendency to persevere (keep repeating) E.g. “Are we there yet?” Longest period of development Matures during adolescence
Do you remember? What does myelination do? What does the corpus callosum do? What do the left and right hemispheres do? What does the prefrontal cortex do?
Emotions Based on the limbic system Amygdala Hippocampus Hypothalamus Aid in emotional expression and control
Amygdala Registers positive & negative emotions Related to night terrors Children model after parents
Hippocampus Memory Can work with amygdala to recall emotions
Hypothalamus Produces hormones to activate parts of the body in response to signals from the amygdala and hippocampus. E.g. stress and the fight or flight syndrome
Motor skills Gross Large muscles E.g. riding a bike, swinging, kicking a ball Fine Small muscles Writing, drawing, pouring juice Girls tend to develop 6 mos. Earlier than boys
Do you remember? What does the limbic system do? What produces emotions? What helps with memory? What helps you in “fight or flight” situations? What are gross and fine motor skills?
Three levels of prevention for avoidable injuries Primary prevention Preventing a high risk situation from ever existing E.g. Sidewalks and overpasses Secondary prevention Reducing the risk in an existing high risk situation Salt on roads Crossing guards Tertiary prevention Reducing damage after injury Emergency room procedures HEPA filters for children with asthma
What are the types of child maltreatment? Child abuse Deliberate physical, emotional, or sexual harm Child neglect Failure to meet physical or emotional needs Law required reporting suspected maltreatment Abuse Neglect
What are the symptoms of maltreatment? Injuries Fantasy play – violence & sexual Hostility Impulsive reactions E.g. Cringing Fear of caregiver Hypervigilance
Do you remember? What are the three levels of prevention of childhood injuries? Give examples of each Which level pf prevention reduces injury after injury? What is the difference between child abuse and child neglect? Give examples of each What symptoms would you look for in children you suspect of maltreatment?