Essential Questions Why is it important to balance a checking account?
What are the consequences of having (or not having) a budget? What is the right way to budget?
Types of Financial Institutions
Commercial Banks (ex. Wells Fargo) Savings and Loan Associations Credit Unions (ex. America First Credit Union) Internet Banks (ex. Ally Bank) Mutual Fund Companies Brokerage Firms
Why we have them To not carry as much cash Security Credit/Loans
FDIC: Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation NCUA: National Credit Union Administration Credit/Loans Investment returns Convenience Spending Plan Tool- helps track where the money goes
Services Offered Money Transfers Credit Cards Debit Cards Loans ATMs
Stored Value Cards Online Banking Direct Deposit
Basics of a Checking Account
Comparison Shopping Not all checking accounts are created equal.
Things to consider: Services Location of ATMs Banking hours Minimum balance required Minimum transactions or limits Interest-bearing accounts? Costs Non-primary bank ATM transactions Per-check fees In-branch transaction fees Overdraft protection Printing of checks
Opening an Account Need proof of who you are Minimum balance
OPENING A CHECKING ACCOUNT
Consider providing copies of this application handout, which can be found in the Citigroup Financial Education Curriculum: “Basic Banking Services”, p. 44. Use “Slide 1: Opening a Checking Account and “Slide 2: Commonly Accepted Forms of ID” to review with the participants the type of application they will probably see when opening a checking account. • Move through the application, describing the various areas on the form. • In reviewing the application, stress the need for accuracy and clarity in all information. • Emphasize that applicants must provide a physical address when their mailing address is a post office box or similar postal receipt area. The same information is asked of a joint applicant. 11 Slide 1 – Opening a Checking Account Lesson Reference: Basic Banking Services, Activity 4 – Handout 1
COMMONLY ACCEPTED FORMS OF ID
Primary ID* Photo Driver’s License issued within the U.S. or Canada State Non-Driver Photo ID Photo Learner’s Permit Government Photo ID U.S. Passport Non-U.S. Passport Resident Registration Card Mexican Consular ID (Matricula Consular) Naturalization Certificate Employee Photo ID (from a recognizable employer) Photo Trade License (barber, plumber, electrician, etc.) Student Photo ID (college/trade school) Medicare Card (must be 65 or older) A major topic to emphasize is proper identification. Although acceptable identification may vary among financial institutions, it always includes as least two types of current government-issued identification. • Such regular identification might include a driver’s license, military ID, passport, green card, etc. In some states, a Mexican consulate card is an acceptable form of identification to open a bank account. Review this slide and emphasize that this is a list of commonly accepted forms of primary ID, and that secondary ID is required (reviewed on next slide). * Financial institutions' ID requirements may differ; check with the institution first before applying for an account. 12 Slide 2 - Commonly Accepted Forms of ID Lesson Reference: Basic Banking Services, Activity 4 – Handout 2
COMMONLY ACCEPTED FORMS OF ID
Secondary ID* Foreign Driver’s License State/Local Gun Permit Utility Bill (Name and address of individual account should be listed) Current Bank Statement National Credit Card Bank-issued Debit or Check Card Pay Stub Car Registration Mortgage Statement Letter of Introduction from Bank, Embassy, or well-known Employer Welfare Card Supplemental Health Insurance Card • Review this list of commonly accepted forms of secondary ID. Taxpayer Identification Numbers (TIN): Social Security Numbers can be used to open basic bank and credit accounts, while Individual Taxpayer Identification Numbers (ITIN) may be used to open noncredit accounts. Talk with your local bank or credit union about these requirements. • Be prepared. Call ahead to find out exactly what you will need to open an account and what hours the bank is open. * Financial institutions' ID requirements may differ; check with the institution first before applying for an account. 13 Slide 3 - Commonly Accepted Forms of ID Lesson Reference: Basic Banking Services, Activity 4 – Handout 2
THE PATRIOT ACT Congress passed the PATRIOT Act in response to the terrorist attacks of September 11, Financial institutions are now required to collect certain information when a new account is opened. 1. The customer must provide identification that includes name, date of birth, address, and identification number. 2. The institution must maintain a copy of the information used to verify the person’s identity. 3. The institution must determine whether the applicant appears on the lists of known or suspected terrorists or terrorist organizations. Display “Slide 4: The PATRIOT Act.” Explain what the PATRIOT Act is and why it was created. Walk through the points on the slide, explaining what types of information financial institutions are now required to collect when a customer opens an account. There are often misconceptions about the PATRIOT Act. • Some believe that the PATRIOT Act prohibits banks from opening accounts for people without a Social Security number. Explain to participants that many institutions accept a range of documents as outlined in slide 2; it may not be necessary to have a Social Security number to open an account. • Another common myth is that undocumented immigrants can’t obtain legitimate credit or build a credit history. This is untrue. A growing number of financial institutions accept alternatives to the Social Security number to issue credit cards or loans. Additionally, lenders may report the borrower’s repayment information to the major credit reporting agencies using the Individual Taxpayer Identification Number (ITIN). This law was enacted to fight terrorism; it will not impact the safety of your money. Be assured that the money you deposit in a bank is safe; it is insured up to $100,000 per depositor by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. 14 Slide 4 – The PATRIOT Act Lesson Reference: Basic Banking Services, Activity 4 – Overhead 1
SIGNATURE AUTHORIZATION CARD
Use “Slide 5: Signature Authorization Card” to review and describe the areas on the card. Explain the purpose of the signature authorization card and how the bank uses it to help safeguard customers’ money. Ask those who have a checking account how they make their deposits. Responses may vary, but should include depositing the funds at the bank, through the mail, at an ATM, and direct deposit. Encourage participants to consider the option of direct deposit. • Ask if anyone uses the option. If so, have them explain. • Suggest that they contact their local banker to learn more about setting up direct deposits. Ask what might be the advantages of using direct deposit. Responses may vary but should include safety and convenience. 15 Slide 5 – Signature Authorization Card Lesson Reference: Basic Banking Services, Activity 4 – Handout 3
Terms to Know Bank statement Cancelled Check Endorsement Fee Interest
Minimum Balance Overdraft Protection Transaction Limits
Terms to Know Bank statement- monthly record of all account activity
Cancelled Check- a check that has been stamped to show it has been deposited (or cashed) and taken out of another’s account Endorsement- signing a check for deposit Fee- charges for certain bank services Interest- money paid to savers Minimum Balance- requirement to keep a certain amount in an account Overdraft Protection- an agreement to transfer funds from another account to a checking account to cover insufficient funds Transaction Limits- maximum number of transactions allowed before incurring a fee
How it Works You must put a minimum balance in to open an account
Services offered depend on the financial institution Allows you to access your money at any time using checks, debit card, or ATM
Debit Card Plastic card that looks like a credit card
Electronically connected to a bank account Money is automatically taken from the bank account when purchases are made Requires a PIN (personal identification number) Confirms the user is authorized to access the account
Debit Card Account Number—Links all purchases made with the card to a designated bank account Expiration Date— The debit card is valid and may be used until this date Cardholder’s Name— The cardholder’s full name is written out and displayed. Magnetic Strip— When the debit card is swiped, the magnetic strip automatically withdraws funds from the cardholder’s account.
Debit Card Authorized Signature— Sign in the signature box on the back of the debit card to authorize payments Should also write, “See ID” in the signature box Ensures the person using the card is authorized to do so Verification Number—This three digit code is located on the back of the card in the signature area Help ensure the card is in the cardholder’s possession when making purchases Prevents unauthorized use
To Use A Debit Card Swipe it through the store machine or put into an ATM Enter the PIN Complete transaction
Pros and Cons - Debit Cards
Pros Cons Convenient Small Can be used like a credit card Allows a person to carry less cash Does not allow overspending Can lose track of balance if transactions are not written down Opens checking account up to credit fraud Others can gain access to the account if the card is lost and PIN is known
Parts of a Check Personal Information Check Number Date Bank Name
Endorsement Line Routing Number Account Number Check Number
Writing a Check John Smith Halloween Costume Your Name
10/28/13 John Smith $100.00 One Hundred and 00/100 Halloween Costume Your Name
Bouncing a Check Check written for an amount over the current balance held in the account ‘Bounces’ due to insufficient funds, or not enough money in the account to cover the check written A fee will be charged to the account holder Harm future opportunities for credit
Check 21 Check Clearing for the 21st Century Act (Check 21)
When a check is written, the money is automatically withdrawn from a bank account Makes “bouncing checks” difficult
Basically…. Kind of like a checking account, but with higher interest rates. Money cannot be taken out with a check or a debit card, but can be transferred into your checking account. Really good to have!
Deposit Money Take it (money or checks) to the bank
Fill out a deposit slip Get receipt
Types of Endorsements
Blank Endorsement Receiver of the check signs his/her name
Anyone can cash or deposit the check after has been signed
More secure than blank endorsement Receiver writes “for deposit only” and account number above his/her signature Allows the check to only be deposited
Special Endorsement Receiver signs and writes “pay to the order of (fill in person’s name)” Allows the check to be transferred to a second party Also known as a two-party check
Checking Account Register
Place to record all monetary transactions for a checking account Deposits, checks, ATM use, debit card purchases, additional bank fees Used to keep a running balance of the account Remember Record every transaction!
Importance of Budgeting
What is a spending plan? A tool used to record and track projected and actual income and expenses over a period of time. Also called a budget.
Spending Plans Are simply road maps the help people reach financial goals Need to be flexible to change with various life stages Are not difficult to establish but do take time and commitment. **Recommended to track spending prior to creating a budget. NOTE: There should not be any money left over in a budget. If there is, it should be put into the savings or charitable giving column.
Benefits of Spending Plans
A spending plan can help you: Put aside money for savings goals Prepare for regular expenses Prepare for unexpected expenses Control how you spend money Reduce stress and increase confidence Provide an excuse to calm excessive spending Reasons to budget are numerous: To determine how much money you have to spend To decide how you want to spend your money To determine how to spend money in the future To learn to live on less than available income To stay out of financial trouble
Consequences of NOT Using a Spending Plan
No idea where money has been spent Bad spending habits are unidentified Unprepared for emergencies Strained relationships Lack of savings plan Wasted money Stress
Opportunity Cost of Spending Plans
Consumers may feel like having a budget is confining or restrictive, but it actually gives them more freedom and more options. By paying attention to where money is spend, wiser choices can be made. With more freedom, more options, wiser choices, more money can be spent on items of value.
Before creating a spending plan…
Track your spending. Before making a budget, spend a couple of weeks writing down every penny you spend. This will help you have a better idea of where your dollar amounts should be when making a budget.
How do I make a spending plan?
Assess your personal financial situation (needs, values, life situation). Set personal and financial goals. Create a budget for fixed and variable expenses based on projected income. (Pay Yourself First) Monitor current spending (saving, investing) patterns. Compare your budget to what you actually spent. Review financial progress and revise budget amounts. Building a budget takes a little time. But it’s absolutely vital to financial health. Track your expenses for a month to start a budget. What did you buy? What bills did you pay? Basically, where did your money go? Then categorize your spending into groups such as clothing, food, music downloads, auto, etc. Think of other areas in which you might spend money on a regular basis. Don’t forget to include some money for savings. Identify your income. Only include regular sources of income such as paychecks and allowances. If you get paid monthly or semi-monthly, it is easy to calculate your monthly income. If you get paid weekly or biweekly, multiply your weekly income by 52 or 26 respectively to get your annual salary. Then divide by 12 to get your monthly income. Now that you have your expenses and income quantified, it’s time to examine and fine-tune your budget. Subtract expenses from income. This is to determine how much money you have left over at the end of the month. If you have more income than expenses, that’s good. If you spend more money than you earn, you’re going to have to decrease your expenses or increase your income. Keep in mind it’s easier to decrease your expenses. Timing is important. If you get paid once a month, be sure to budget money to last the whole month. If you get paid twice a month, but you have several large expenses at the beginning of the month, make sure you save some of your money from the end of the month to help with the next month’s bills. Be prepared for new financial situations. When something changes, some part of your income or your expenses, you’ll know how it affects your overall financial picture, and what you need to do to cope with the changes. Maintain your budget. Each month be sure to compare your actual spending with your budget. If you consistently spend more or less than your budgeted amount in any category, update your budget to reflect reality. An inaccurate budget can do more harm than good. From PracticalMoneySkills.com
More expenses than income?
Negative cash flow Negative cash flow typically results in debt. Part of being financially independent is spending less than you earn.
To Reduce Negative Cash Flow:
Reduce Spending Doing comparison shopping Using coupons Avoiding impulse purchases Buying items “on sale” Carpooling, walking, or riding a bike Eating at home Eliminating/reducing impulse purchases – vending machines, convenience stores, etc. Shopping at thrift stores Wearing hand-me-down clothes Using “frequent shopper” cards
To Reduce Negative Cash Flow:
Increase Income After school/weekend job Additional chores around the house Yard work Babysitting Summer job Dogwalking Housesitting Garage sale Provide a service
Guidelines for a Budget
Housing & Utilities 30% Food & Household 20% Clothing & Personal 10% Transportation 10% Saving & Investing 10% Miscellaneous 20%
REMEMBER!!! It is important to remember that budgets can and should change from time to time. After following a budget for a month, re-evaluate it and make changes as necessary.
Large purchases When adjusting a budget, consider future large purchases and consider saving up for that item and paying cash for it. When a home or automobile is purchased, other budget categories, such as entertainment and clothes, may need to be cut back in order to compensate for the larger purchase.
Envelope System Each envelope is labeled for the category of spending.
Each pay period, a pre determined amount of money is placed in each envelope for each category. Each time money is spent from an envelope, the transaction details (date, vendor, amount, etc.) is recorded on the outside of the envelope. When the envelope is empty, spending ceases!
Paper Tracking Always record transactions in a check register or on the outside of the envelope for each category.
Computer Program Inform students that there are computer programs available to manage spending and income.
RECONCILE Reconcile this. Fee 5 00 679 23 215 45 29 218 64 75 110 04
RECONCILE Reconcile this.
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