3 What is an Emergency???Emergency – a situation demanding immediate actionFirst Aid - the immediate care given to a victim of injury or illness until help arrives
4 6 Links of the Survival Chain EMT & ParamedicsCitizen RespondersFirst RespondersHospital careEMS DispatcherRehabilitation
5 Who are they Anyway??Citizen Responder (YOU!)EMS DispatcherMost important link of EMS; recognizes emergency & decides to helpWho you call to determine what additional help to send. Also provide instructions for assistance.
6 First RespondersFirst Person to arrive on the scene to provide higher level of medical care. Provide critical transition between citizen responder & advanced EMS. Example- Firefighter/Police
7 EMT & Paramedics Provide more advanced care & life saving techniques. *Paramedic- Highly specialized EMT’s who can also administer medications & IV’s.EMT & Paramedics
8 Hospital Care Givers & Rehabilitation This care begins once the victim enters the hospital. They are usually doctors, nurses & therapists.Their goal is to return the victim to his/her previous state of health. Usually they are physical or occupational therapists & athletic trainers.
10 Do NowThink about what you know about September 11th. What images, thoughts, etc. come to mind?
11 Types of EmergenciesSudden Illness:Injury:A physical condition that requires immediate medical attentionDamage to the body from an external forceBroken leg
12 EmergenciesLife-ThreateningNon-Life-ThreateningImpairs the victims ability to circulate oxygenated blood to all the parts of his or her bodyA situation where that does not have an immediate impact on a victims ability to circulate oxygenated blood around their body
13 Recognizing Emergencies NoisesSightOdorUnusual behavior or appearance
14 Emergencies Screams, yells, moans or calls for help NoisesSightsScreams, yells, moans or calls for helpBreaking glass, crashing metal, screeching tiresSudden, loud or unidentifiable sounds, unusual silenceStopped vehicle on the roadsideBroken glassOverturned pot in kitchenSpilled medicine containerDowned electrical wiresSparks, smoke or fire
15 Other Emergencies Stronger than usual Unrecognizable odors Unusual Appearance & BehaviorStronger than usualGas, smokeUnrecognizable odorsMaybe poisonousInappropriate odorsUnconsciousnessConfused or unusual behaviorTrouble breathingClutching chest or throatSlurred, confused or hesitant speechUnexplainable confusion or drowsinessSweating for no apparent reasonUncharacteristic skin colorInability to move a body part
18 Deciding to Act Some common barriers The presence of bystanders “Oh they will do something”Person is too shyUncertainty about the victimUncomfortable with who the victim is, and having to touch themAge, gender, race, disabilityDo not take the behavior of the victim personally
19 Other Barriers Nature of the injury or illness Uncomfortable with blood, vomit, unpleasant odors or torn or burnt skinIt is ok to turn away for a moment to compose yourselfFear of disease transmissionThis is why you need a first aid kit ready and availableOne in your car, easily accessible in the homeFear of doing something wrongGood Samaritan LawA bystander has to help a victim unless his or her life is endangerCannot be sued if other injuries show occur
20 The 3 C’s Ready……..ACTION! Check the scene Call 9-1-1 What happened?How many are injured?Any other dangers?Call 9-1-1Have a bystander call if possibleMake sure you know the locationCare for the victim until help arrivesMake a clear path for the EMS personnel
21 Be PreparedKeep information about you and your family in a handy placeIE: refrigerator doorKeep medical and insurance records up-to-dateFind out if your community is serviced by the operating systemTeach children how to callKeep emergency phone numbers listedKeep a first aid kit available