2 The Age of Chivalry What is CHIVALRY? Complex set of ideals that demanded a knight bravely fight in defense & devotion of 3 things:His earthly feudal lordHis heavenly Lord (God)His chosen lady
3 The Age of Chivalry The Code of Chivalry knights pledged an oath to uphold: To fear God and maintain His ChurchTo serve the lord in valor and faithTo protect the weak and defenselessTo give succour (assistance) to widows and orphansTo refrain from the wanton giving of offenceTo live by honor and for gloryTo despise pecuniary (monetary) rewardTo fight for the welfare of allTo obey those placed in authorityTo guard the honor of fellow knightsTo eschew (abstain from) unfairness, meanness and deceitTo keep faithAt all times to speak the truthTo persevere to the end in any enterprise begunTo respect the honor of womenNever to refuse a challenge from an equalNever to turn the back upon a foe (enemy)
4 The Age of Chivalry 1.) EDUCATION Page: (Age 6) Nobleman's sons - A boy training for knighthood learned how to fight, use weapons, and ride a horse into battle. He learned manners & waited on his hosts.Squire: (Age 14-15) A squire assisted his knight, acted as his servant, and continued to perfect his fighting skills.Around the age 18 a squirePossibly became a full-fledged knight,
5 The Age of Chivalry 2.) IRON WEAPONS & EQUIPMENT Trebuchet Battle axes * FlailsSwords & knivesCrossbow & arrows
6 The Age of Chivalry3.) WAR GAMES After being dubbed a knight, most young men traveled for a year or two – WHY?Gained experience fighting in local “wars”Took part in MOCK battles called tournamentsTournaments combined recreation with combat training
7 The Age of Chivalry 4.) CODE OF CHIVALRY Complex set of ideals that demanded a knight bravely fight in defense & devotion of 3 things:His earthly feudal lordHis heavenly Lord (God)His chosen lady
8 The Age of Chivalry 5.) CASTLE LIFE England France Ireland Stone castles dominated much of the countryside in W. EuropeLord & lady, their family, knights & other men-at-arms, andservants lived in each castle together.
9 The Age of Chivalry 6.) ROMANTIC LOVE Most influential factor in pairing acouple was money, land, or social status. Knights chose their ladies based onbeauty and statusMen's wives were chosen for the woman'sdowry and status