2 New TechnologyLeather saddles & stirrups – through contact with Muslims in Battle of ToursKnights on horseback became most important part of army
3 Knight’s Role Fought to defend the territory of their feudal lord Rewarded with land (fiefs)Weapons & armor were $$$ - had to afford to be a knightKnight’s main obligation was to serve in battleOnly 40 days of the year in combat!
4 Knighthood & Chivalry Code of Chivalry – ideals demanded of a knight Be loyal to his feudal lord, obey God, and be nice to the ladiesProtected the weak & poorBrave, courteous
5 Age of Chivalry?Some took it seriously, others didn’t. It tended to break down especially towards the later Middle Ages.The Middle Ages wasn’t a time of fairy tale castles and noble, honorable knights. It was a nasty time of political intrigue, bloody wars, and brutish men exercising their limited power in order to gain more power. Just like any other time.
6 Training The prospective knight went through three stages: Page - Younger years (age 7)- Assistant to squire & Lord2) Squire (age 14)- Was Robin to a knight’s Batman- Took care of knight’s equipment
7 3) Knight (age 21)- When he becomes a full-fledged soldier who officially enters into a feudal arrangement with a lord.
9 Literature of Chivalry Themes = idealized castle life, glorified knighthood, knight’s undying love for ladyThe Song of Roland – famous epic poemPraised French soldiers killed in battleTroubadours – traveling poet-musiciansEleanor of Aquitaine
10 Roles of Women Noblewomen - Inherit estate - Send knights to war, defend castle- Still limited, confined livesPeasant women- Endless labor in home & fields- No education
11 Enough about chivalry… What about the weapons and warfare?