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Business Continuity Planning and Disaster Recovery Planning

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Presentation on theme: "Business Continuity Planning and Disaster Recovery Planning"— Presentation transcript:

1 Business Continuity Planning and Disaster Recovery Planning
Ref. CISSP exam guide W.lilakiatsakun

2 Business Continuity Planning and Disaster Recovery Planning (1)
DRP is the process of regaining access to the data, hardware and software necessary to resume critical business operations after a natural or human-induced disaster. DRP is part of a larger process known as business continuity planning (BCP). Disaster recovery is the process by which you resume business after a disruptive event.

3 Business Continuity Planning and Disaster Recovery Planning (2)
The event might be something huge-like an earthquake or the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center something small, like malfunctioning software caused by a computer virus. Many business executives are prone to ignoring "disaster recovery" because disaster seems an unlikely event.

4 Business Continuity Planning and Disaster Recovery Planning (3)
All BC/DR plans need to encompass How employees will communicate Where they will go How they will keep doing their jobs. The details can vary greatly, depending on the size and scope of a company and the way it does business.

5 Events that necessitate disaster recovery
Natural disasters Fire Power failure Terrorist attacks Organized or deliberate disruptions Theft System and/or equipment failures Human error Computer viruses Testing

6 Business Continuity Steps (1)
1 Develop the continuity planning policy statement - Write a policy that provides the guidance necessary to develop a BCP and assigns authority to the necessary roles to carry out these tasks 2 Conduct the business impact analysis (BIA) - Identify critical functions and systems and allow the organization to prioritize them on necessity. -Identify vulnerabilities, threats and calculate risks - Calculate MTD (Maximum Tolerable Downtime) for resources

7 Business Continuity Steps (2)
3 Identify preventive controls Identify and implement controls and countermeasures to reduce the organization’s risk level in an economical manner 4 Develop recovery strategies Formulate methods to ensure that systems and critical function can be brought online quickly

8 Business Continuity Steps (3)
5 Develop the contingency plan Write procedure and guidelines for how the organization can still stay functional in a cripple state 6 Test the plan and conduct training and exercise Test the plan to identify deficiencies in the BCP and conduct training to properly prepare individuals on their expected task 7 Maintain plan Put in place steps to ensure the BCP is a living document that is upgraded regularly

9 Initiation (1) Identified a business continuity coordinator (leader for the BCP team) Setup a BCP committee might consist of representative from Business units Senior management IT department Security department Communications department Legal department

10 Initiation (2) At this phase, the team works with management to develop the continuity planning policy statement Layout the scope of the BCP project Team member roles Goal of the project

11 BCP Requirement The major requirement is management support
Work best in a top-down approach Management should be driving the project It is important that management set the overall goals of continuity planning It should help set priorities of what should be dealt first

12 Business Impact Analysis (1)
The BCP committee must identify the threats to the company and map them to the following characteristics Maximum tolerable downtime Operational disruption and productivity Financial consideration Regulatory responsibilities Reputation

13 Business Impact Analysis (2)
Data would gather from interviewing, surveying, workshops and etc Threat can be manmade, natural or technical The committee needs to step through scenarios that could produce the following results Equipment malfunction Unavailable utilities (Power, Communication) Software or data corruption

14 Business Impact Analysis (3)
Loss criteria must applied to the individual threats Loss in reputation and public confidence Loss of competitive advantages Increase in operational expenses Violations of contract agreement Violations of legal and regulatory requirement Delays income costs Loss in revenue Loss in productivity

15 Business Impact Analysis (4)
Example of Maximum Tolerable Downtime (MTD) Nonessential 30 days Normal 7 days Important 72 hours Urgent 24 hours Critical Minute to hours

16 Business Impact Analysis (5)
Interdependencies Business function might depend on the other functions BCP team should carried out these tasks Define essential business function and support departments Identifies interdependencies Discover all possible disruption that could affect the mechanism Identify and document potential threats Gather quantitative and qualification information pertaining to those threat Provide alternative methods for restoring Provide a brief statement of rationale for each threat and corresponding information

17 BIA Steps (1) 1 Select individuals to interview for data gathering
2 Create data-gathering techniques (surveys, questionnaires, qualitative and quantitative approaches) 3 Identify the company ‘s critical business function 4 Identify the resources that these functions depend upon

18 BIA Steps (2) 5 Calculate how long these functions can survive without these resources 6 Identify vulnerabilities and threats to these function 7 Calculate risk for each different business function 8 Document findings and report them to management

19 Preventive Controls Reduce impact and mitigate risks
Example of preventive measures Redundant servers and communication links Power lines coming in through different transformers UPS and generators Data backup Fire detection

20 Recovery strategies Business process recovery Facility recovery
Business process is back to work Facility recovery Cold site/ Warm site/ Hot site Supply and technology recovery Network /computer /human resources User environment recovery Most critical department gets back first Data recovery Data Back up

21 Developing the BCP (1) Define goals of the plan and goals must contain certain key information such as Responsibility Each individual should have their responsibilities spell out in writing to ensure a clear understanding in a chaotic situation Authority In time of crisis, it is important to know who is in charge Clear cut authority will aid in reducing confusion and increase coorperation

22 Developing the BCP (2) Priorities Implement and testing
It is necessary to know which department come online first which second and so on Along with the priorities of department, the priorities of systems, information and program must be established Implement and testing

23 Developing the BCP (3) Documenting the following Procedures
Recovery solutions Roles and tasks Emergency response

24 Testing plan (1) Checklist test Structured walk-through test
Forget anything ? Structured walk-through test Discussion by representatives Simulation test Ensure that specific steps were not left out and certain threats were not overlooked Raise awareness of people involved

25 Testing plan (2) Parallel test Full interruption test
Ensure that the specific systems can actually perform adequately at the alternate off site facility Full interruption test Ensure that everything will be recovered as planned It can reveal many holes that need to be fixed

26 Maintaining the plan Organization can keep the plan updated by taking the following actions Make business continuity a part of business decision Insert the maintenance responsibilities into job descriptions Include maintenance in personnel evaluation Perform internal audits that include disaster recovery and continuity documentation and procedures Perform regular drills that use the plan Integrate BCP into the current change management process

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