Presentation on theme: "8.1 Religion Sparks Reform"— Presentation transcript:
1 8.1 Religion Sparks Reform Objectives:To describe the new religious movements that swept through the United States after 1790.To describe a new philosophy that offered an alternative to traditional religionTo explain the reforms demanded in education, mental hospitals and prisonsTo characterize the nature of the utopian communities
2 What was the Impact??? African Americans Rejected: Predetermination of Calvinists and PuritansEmbraced: Democratic and Individualistic Ideals of the Revolution.UnitariansThoughts that conversion was gradualRelied more on reason and moralityWealthyAfrican AmericansMany joined churches, became social, cultural and political centersWhy were African Americans excited by this idea of salvation?
3 Second Great Awakening Revivals were the site of impassioned preaching, usually in tents or halls, to awaken faith and spark conversion.
5 Transcendentalists (1830’s) Philosophical and literary movementIndividualism, Self-reliance, Self-DisciplineRalph Waldo Emerson, essayist Henry David ThoreauWaldenCivil Disobedience “Trust Thyself.”- R.W.E.“I learned this, at least, by my experiment: that is one advances confidently in the direction of his dreams, and endeavors to live the life which he has imagined, he will meet with a success unexpected in common hours….If you have built castles in the air, your work need not be lost; that is where they should be. Now put the foundations under them.”- H.D.T.
6 School and Prison Reform Jacksonian Democracy expansion of public schoolingWhy??Dorothea Dix – Reforms prisons & asylums Reformed care of mentally ill in SouthAlexis De Tocqueville -1831, criticizes U.S. prisons, spurs reforms. Reform, not Punish.Horace Mann –“If we do not prepare children to become good citizens,…if we do not enrich their minds with knowledge, then our republic must go down to destruction, as others have gone before it.”
7 Utopian Communities,Utopian Community – experimental groups that lived together to create a “utopia” or perfect place.Brook Farm – Founded 1841Destroyed by fire in 1845.
8 TERMS TERMS OBJECTIVES Charles G. Finney Second Great AwakeningRevivalRalph Waldo EmersonTranscendentalismHenry David ThoreauDorothea DixTo describe the new religious movements that swept through the United States after 1790.To describe a new philosophy that offered an alternative to traditional religionTo explain the reforms demanded in education, mental hospitals and prisonsTo characterize the nature of the utopian communities