Presentation on theme: "– Prepared By – Rajat Dua. Objectives Basis of presentation of Financial Statements Comparability To setout the framework for preparation of financial."— Presentation transcript:
Objectives Basis of presentation of Financial Statements Comparability To setout the framework for preparation of financial statements True & fair information 2
3 Scope Applies to all general purpose financial statements based on International Financial Reporting Standards. [General purpose financial statements are those intended to serve users who do not have the authority to demand financial reports tailored for their own needs.]
Financial statements should include: 4 Balance Sheet (Statement of financial Position) Income Statement (Statement of comprehensive income) Cash flow Statement (Statement of Cash flows) Notes, comprising a summary of accounting policies and other explanatory notes Statement on changes in equity
5 Requirements Going Concern Accrual basis of accounting Consistency Reporting period An entity preparing IFRS financial statements is presumed to be a going concern. If not, the uncertainties must be disclosed. If the annual reporting period changes and financial statements are prepared for a different period, the enterprise must disclose the reason for the change and a warning about problems of comparability. IAS 1 requires that an entity prepare its financial statements, except for cash flow information, using the accrual basis of accounting.
6 Requirements Statement of changes in Equity Comparative Information Materiality and aggregation Offsetting Each material class of similar items must be presented separately in the financial statements. Dissimilar items may be aggregated only if the are individually immaterial. Assets and liabilities, and income and expenses, may not be offset unless required or permitted by a Standard or an Interpretation. With entity's financial statements of previous periods and with the financial statements of other entities All owner changes in equity to be reflected in “Statement of changes in Equity”
7 Structure and contents of financial statements in general Clearly identify: 1.The financial statements 2.The reporting enterprise 3.Whether the statements are for the enterprise or for a group 4.The date or period covered 5.The presentation currency 6.The level of precision (thousands, millions, etc.)
8 Balance Sheet IAS 1 does not prescribe the format of the balance sheet. Assets can be presented current then noncurrent, or vice versa. Liabilities and equity can be presented current then noncurrent then equity, or vice versa. A net asset presentation (assets minus liabilities) is allowed
9 Balance Sheet Classifying current and non-current assets and liabilities. Disclosure is required that separates the longer-term amounts from the 12-month amounts. [Long-term debt expected to be refinanced under an existing loan facility is noncurrent, even if due within 12 months.] Disclosure is required that separates the longer-term amounts from the 12-month amounts. [Long-term debt expected to be refinanced under an existing loan facility is noncurrent, even if due within 12 months.]
10 Income Statement All items of income and expense recognized in a period must be included in profit or loss unless a Standard or an Interpretation requires otherwise. On the face of the income statement, following items must be disclosed: Profit or loss attributable to minority interest. Profit or loss attributable to equity holders of the parent. Additional line items that may be needed to fairly present the enterprise's results of operations [like: finance cost, tax expense etc]. No items may be presented on the face of the income statement or in the notes as "extraordinary items”
11 Statement of Comprehensive Income On 6 September 2007, the IASB issued a revised IAS 1; that require an entity must: Present all non-owner changes in equity either in one statement of comprehensive income or, in two statements (a separate income statement and a statement of comprehensive income can be prepared for income and expenses). Components of “Comprehensive income” are NOT permitted to be presented in the “Statement of changes in equity”. Other Comprehensive Income [like: reclassification adjustments, changes in revaluation surplus etc.] Income tax relating to each component of other comprehensive income to be disclosed. Reclassification adjustments relating to components of other comprehensive income also to be disclosed.
12 Cash Flow Statement Rather than setting out separate standards for presenting the cash flow statement, IAS 1 refers to IAS 7, Cash Flow Statements
13 Notes to the Financial Statements Notes must disclose/present: Basis of preparation of the financial statements and the specific accounting policies used. Any information required by IFRSs that is not presented on the face of financials. Should be cross-referenced from the face of the financial statements Information about the key assumptions concerning the future. Information about other key sources of estimation uncertainty at the balance sheet date, that have a significant risk of causing a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities.
14 Notes to the Financial Statements Notes must be presented in the following order: A statement of compliance with IFRSs. A summary of significant accounting policies or other notes, judgments applied, including: Contingent liabilities and un- recognized contractual commitments. Non-financial disclosures, such as the entity's financial risk management objectives and policies.
15 Notes to the Financial Statements Dividend Disclosures Capital Disclosures Amount recognized for distribution to equity holders Amount per share Amount of proposed dividends Any cumulative preference dividends not recognized Objectives, policies and processes for managing capital Quantitative data Capital requirement; if any & whether complied If not complied, consequences of such non- compliance
16 Notes to the Financial Statements The following other note disclosures are required: Domicile of the enterprise Country of incorporation Address of registered office or principal place of business. Description of operations and principal activities Name of its parent and the ultimate parent.