Mongols as Leaders Destroyed areas and population Fierce against enemies or opposition Did not force beliefs In some cases, some adapted to areas beliefs, ex Ilkhans (in India they were called Mughals) and Golden Horde became Muslims.
Pax Mongolia Time period of Mongols peace from mid 1200 to mid 1300s Mongols guarantee safety in trade expands
Kublai Khan Becomes the Great Khan in 1260, grandson of Genghis Although he is the ruler of the entire Mongols empire, he only focuses on his own khanate
Khan leaves Mongol way of life Instead of ruling from Mongolia, Kublai rules from China (Yuan Dynasty) Makes Beijing his capital Creates huge palace
Kublai attempts to expand empire: Japan Khan attempted to invade Japan but was defeated after 53 days “Magical Winds” –Typhoon
Khan adapts Kublai Khan adapts to Chinese culture –Used Chinese advisors but gave high positions to Mongols or foreigners –Expands trade over Silk Road
Khan meets Marco Polo Marco Polo meets Khan in 1275 Became friends –Trusted –Worked for Khan for 17 years before returning to Europe
End of the Mongols After Death of Khan, over time the Mongols grew weak and poor Mongols could not agree on new rulers Rebellions all over started against Mongols for years of famine, corruption, deaths (Ivan III in Russia)