Presentation on theme: "7 India and China Establish Empires, 300 B.C.–A.D. 550"— Presentation transcript:
1 7 India and China Establish Empires, 300 B.C.–A.D. 550 QUIT7CHAPTERIndia and China EstablishEmpires, 300 B.C.–A.D. 550Chapter OverviewTime LineMAPSECTION1First Empires of IndiaSECTION2Trade Spreads Indian Religions and CultureGRAPHSECTION3Han Emperors in ChinaVisual Summary
2 7 India and China Establish Empires, 300 B.C.–A.D. 550 HOME7CHAPTERIndia and China EstablishEmpires, 300 B.C.–A.D. 550Chapter OverviewEmpires in both India and China establish powerful dynasties and develop strong, vibrant cultures. Invaders in India introduce new customs and knowledge to Indian society. In China, conquered peoples are made part of Chinese culture through marriage and education. Ruling styles and cultural advances vary in each empire.
3 7 India and China Establish Empires, 300 B.C.–A.D. 550 HOME Time Line CHAPTERIndia and China EstablishEmpires, 300 B.C.–A.D. 550Time Line321 B.C. Chandragupta Maurya founds Mauryan Empire.A.D. 65 Buddhism takes root in China.A.D. 220 Han Dynasty falls.300 B.C.A.D. 550202 B.C. Liu Bang establishes China’s Han Dynasty.A.D. 105 Chinese invent paper.A.D. 320 Gupta Empire forms in India and encourages a renewal of Hindu faith.
4 First Empires of India Key Idea 1 HOME1First Empiresof IndiaMAPKey IdeaBoth the Mauryan and Gupta empires temporarily unify India. During part of the Mauryan Empire, government policies are based on Buddhist teachings of nonviolence and tolerance. Indian culture thrives during the Gupta Empire.OverviewAssessment
5 First Empires of India Overview 1 • Mauryan Empire • Asoka HOME1First Empiresof IndiaMAPTERMS & NAMESOverview• Mauryan Empire• Asoka• religious toleration• Tamil• Gupta Empire• patriarchal• matriarchalMAIN IDEAWHY IT MATTERS NOWThe Mauryas and the Guptas established Indian empires, but neither unified India permanently.The diversity of peoples, cultures, beliefs, and languages in India continues to pose challenges to Indian unity today.Assessment
6 HOME1First Empiresof IndiaMAPSection1Assessment1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. Compare the Mauryan and Gupta empires.Mauryan Empire OnlyGupta Empire OnlyBothChandraguptaused spies,Asoka followedteachings of Buddha.Unified through force, required high taxes, lasted for about 100 yearsDefeated the Shakas,period of great culturalachievements,invaded by Hunascontinued . . .
7 HOME1First Empiresof IndiaMAPSection1Assessment2. Which of the Indian rulers described in this section would you rather live under? Explain your opinion.THINK ABOUT• whether the ruler maintained peace and order—and how• what methods the ruler used to influence his subjects• developments in art and culture during the ruler’s reignANSWERPossible Responses:• Chandragupta Maurya, because he tried to control crime.• Asoka, because he believed in nonviolence and promoted his subjects’ welfare.• Chandra Gupta II, because there was a cultural flowering during his reign.End of Section 1
8 Trade Spreads Indian Religions and Culture Key Idea 2 HOME2Trade Spreads IndianReligions and CultureKey IdeaChanges in Buddhism and Hinduism make these religions more personal and appealing to the masses. India enters a highly productive period in art, literature, science, and mathematics. Through trade, Indian culture spreads to much of Asia.OverviewAssessment
9 Trade Spreads Indian Religions and Culture Overview 2 • Mahayana HOME2Trade Spreads IndianReligions and CultureTERMS & NAMESOverview• Mahayana• Theravada• Brahma• Vishnu• Shiva• Kalidasa• Silk RoadsMAIN IDEAWHY IT MATTERS NOWIndian religions, culture, and science evolved and spread to other regions through trade.The influence of Indian culture and religions is very evident throughout Southeast Asia today.Assessment
10 Trade Spreads Indian Religions and Culture 2 2 HOME2Trade Spreads IndianReligions and CultureSection2Assessment1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. For each category shown below, list one or more specific developments in Indian culture.Indian CultureReligionLiterature/ArtsScience/MathTradeMahayana Buddhism; Hinduism became more personal.Buddhist sculptures; Kalidasa wrote Shakuntala.The decimal system; medical guides.Profited from Silk Roads trade; traded with Rome, Africa, Southeast Asia, Arabia, Chinacontinued . . .
11 Trade Spreads Indian Religions and Culture 2 2 HOME2Trade Spreads IndianReligions and CultureSection2Assessment2. What do you think was the most significant effect of the changes in Buddhism and Hinduism? Explain.THINK ABOUT• the effect on people who practiced the religion• the effect on art and culture• the effect on other countriesANSWERPossible Responses:• More people were able to take part in popular worship.• Religion inspired art.• Both religions spread to many other countries.continued . . .
12 Trade Spreads Indian Religions and Culture 2 2 HOME2Trade Spreads IndianReligions and CultureSection2Assessment2. Cite three of the cultures that interacted with India. Explain the result of each cultural interaction.THINK ABOUT• interaction because of trade• the influence of art, science, religionANSWERPossible Responses:• Greeks–Indians learned western timekeeping.• Central Asian nomads–They taught Indians about Silk Roads trade.• Southeast Asia–Indians spread Hinduism, Buddhism, and artistic styles.End of Section 2
13 Han Emperors in China Key Idea 3 HOME3Han Emperorsin ChinaGRAPHKey IdeaThe Han Dynasty unifies China and develops a highly structured, bureaucratic government, which lasts about 400 years. Advances in technology and culture are made, but laws favoring landowners create economic and political instability.OverviewAssessment
14 Han Emperors in China Overview 3 • Han Dynasty HOME3Han Emperorsin ChinaGRAPHTERMS & NAMESOverview• Han Dynasty• centralized government• civil service• monopoly• assimilationMAIN IDEAWHY IT MATTERS NOWThe Han Dynasty expanded China’s borders and developed a system of government that lasted for centuries.The pattern of a strong central government has remained a permanent part of Chinese life.Assessment
15 Centralized Government HOME3Han Emperorsin ChinaGRAPHSection3Assessment1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. List the methods that Han rulers used to centralize the government.Centralized GovernmentRequired local officials to report to central governmentBuilt up bureaucracyEstablished monopoliesin many industriesCreated civil service,based on examscontinued . . .
16 HOME3Han Emperorsin ChinaGRAPHSection3Assessment2. What problem do you think was most responsible for weakening the Han Dynasty’s power? THINK ABOUT• problems at court• problems with non-Chinese peoples• economic and social problemsANSWERPossible Responses:• The method of choosing an heir, because it led to distracting plots and power plays.• The nomads, because they forced China to levy taxes to maintain a large army.• The distribution of wealth, because poor people kept losing land to the rich, which caused peasant uprisings.End of Section 3