Presentation on theme: "SS6H6 Analyze the impact European exploration and colonization on various world regions. 1. Europe influenced the world. a) Spread of culture b) Spread."— Presentation transcript:
SS6H6 Analyze the impact European exploration and colonization on various world regions. 1. Europe influenced the world. a) Spread of culture b) Spread of religion: Christianity c) Spread of European languages d) Spread of European governments 2. European nations became wealthy and powerful
Empire Building In the late 1800’s, a few European countries decided to take over the world. Why? Greed, pride, jealousy, competition, economic opportunity, need for raw materials, and their deep beliefs about their own superiority.
Conquer To defeat and take over another country. To destroy the culture of the defeated people and replace it with the culture of the conquerors.
Homeland Countries in Europe that explore, conquer, and colonize other lands.
Colony A distant land in permanent, total control of the Homeland. This is a map of the original Thirteen Colonies. Can you identify some of the colonies?
Empire The Homeland and all the colonies it controls. Empire comes from the Latin word for power. The colonies belong to the Homeland. Portugal Spain France England
Imperialism The belief that it is good to have an empire. The belief that the Homeland has the right to conquer and colonize other countries. The belief that the empire should continually expand. The belief that the culture of the Homeland should destroy and replace the culture of the conquered people.
Nationalism A strong love of your own country. The belief that your country is superior and all other countries are inferior. Homelands in Europe were right next to one another, so nationalism easily became competition.
Military/Militarism The military is the army (land power) and navy (sea power) of a country. Militarism is the belief in a strong military. Militarism is the belief that stronger military power makes your Homeland superior to other Homelands. Large empires needed strong armies to control their colonies. Military leaders and leaders of nations shared this belief in military power.
Industrialization Industry is making things in factories. The Industrial Revolution was a change in the culture of Europe in the 1800’s. People moved from farms to cities to work in factories. Cities became crowded and polluted. Goods were manufactured quickly and cheaply. Europe became industrialized. Industries needed more raw materials, so Homelands needed more colonies.
Scramble for Africa European countries rushed to colonize the continent of Africa. Colonies in North and South America fought wars to separate themselves from the control of the Homelands. All colonies in South America were free of European control by around 1830. So European powers turned their attention to Africa. They scrambled to conquer and colonize the continent.
Scramble for Africa The main empire-building, imperialist countries in Africa were Great Britain (England, UK) and France. Portugal, Spain, Denmark, and Germany, continued the race to conquer part of Africa, and later Italy, Belgium, and the Netherlands joined in. These countries believed their power and glory would increase if they controlled more of Africa.