Personal Pronouns Singularplural 1IWe 2You 3 HeThey She It Possesive Pronouns Singularplural 1MineOurs 2Yours 3 HisTheirs Hers Its Singularplural 1MyOur 2Your 3 HisTheir Her Its Possesive Adjectives
Present Simple Tense Formation (1) Statement clause: Verb in third person singular + -s/-es He plays the piano. Other persons retain their infinitive form They play football.
Present Simple Tense Formation (2) Interrogative clause: Do/Does + statement clause They play football. Do they play football? He plays the piano. Does he play the piano?
Present Simple Tense Formation (3) Negative clause: Subject - do not (don’t)/does not (doesn’t) - predicate They do not play football. He does not play the piano.
Present Simple Tense Usage Naming the facts The earth moves around the Sun. Casual actions that repeat in time (adverbs of frequency: always, usually, often, sometimes, never, every day/month/year...) He often goes to cinema. I go to the dentist every month. Habitual actions She usually drinks tea at 5 o’clock. I sleep after work every afternoon.
Present Simple Tense Auxilliary verb “to be” Interrogative clause: Am I.../Are you.../Is she... Negative clause: I am not.../You are not... Singularplural 1I amWe are 2You are 3 He isThey are She is It is
Word Order (1) SPO Subject - Predicate - Object D I D irect Indirect I have a cat. I gave a book to my friend. I gave my friend a book. DI Direct to Indirect ID Indirect Direct
Word Order (2) SPOA Subject - Predicate - Object - Adverb I am reading the book carefully. She is sitting in my office. We arrived home at 10 o’clock. Time Place Manner She goes there every day. Frequency (1) I often read books. Frequency (2)