Presentation on theme: "Speech and Language Disorders"— Presentation transcript:
1 Speech and Language Disorders Chapter 9“This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: any public performance or display, including transmission over a network: preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or part, of any images; any rental, lease, or lending of the program.”
3 CommunicationSpeech= audible representation of language.Language= message that is contained in speech.
4 CommunicationExchange of ideas, information, thoughts, and feelings between senders and receiversThe process does not require speech or languageGesturesPostureEye contactFacial expressionHead and body movement
5 Language Expressive Language Receptive Language The system of symbols that individuals use for communication, based on their cultureExpressive LanguageReceptive Language
6 5 Components of Language PhonologySemanticsPragmaticsMorphologyContentFunctionSyntaxForm
7 Structure of languagePhonology = rules regarding how sounds can be used and combined.Syntax = the way sequences of words are combined into phrases and sentences.Morphology = the form and internal structure of words.Semantics = the understanding of language.Pragmatics = rules that govern the reasons for communication as well as the choice of codes to be used when communicating.
12 Receptive Language Problems Encounters difficulty with understanding oral presentation of informationDoes not understand humor, figurative language, or abstract thought
13 Expressive Language Problems Limited use of vocabularySearches for the right wordPoor social language skillsHesitates to ask questionsJumps from topic to topicTopics chosen are concrete rather than abstract, temporal, or spatialRepetitive and unspecific
14 Speech disorders can occur in all of these areas Dimensions of SpeechVoicePitch, intensity, qualityResonanceArticulationFluencySpeech disorders can occur in all of these areas
15 Speech disordersSpeech behavior that is sufficiently deviant from normal that it attracts attention.Fluency DisordersRepeated interruptions, hesitations, or repetitions that seriously interrupt the flow of communication.Cluttering = speech that is overly rapid, disorganized, and occasionally filled with unnecessary words.Stuttering = flow of speech is abnormally interrupted by repetitions, blocking, or prolongations of sounds, syllables, words, or phrases.Childhood apraxia of speech
22 Causes of Speech and Language Disorders Biological causesPhysical causesEmotional causesBrain injuryHeredityEnvironmental causesNeglect or abusePoverty, malnutrition
23 Cognitive and Academic Characteristics Problems occur across the entire range of cognitive abilitiesProblems may profoundly affect a student’s learningHigh risk of reading difficulties for students with speech and language delays
24 Social/Emotional Characteristics Students may have low self-esteemStudents may experience social isolationStudents may develop behavior problems
25 Speech Assessments Formal tests of articulation Spontaneous language samplesDevelopmental historyExamination of mouth, teeth, palate