Presentation on theme: "Harlem Renaissance. What It Was Harlem Renaissance –A flowering of African American art, literature, music and culture in the United States led primarily."— Presentation transcript:
What It Was Harlem Renaissance –A flowering of African American art, literature, music and culture in the United States led primarily by the African American community based in Harlem, New York City.
When It Occurred Beginning: –1924 Opportunity magazine hosted a party for black writers with many white publishers attending Ending: –1929, the year of the stock market crash and the resulting economic Great Depression.
Who? Descendants from a generation whose parents or grandparents had witnessed slavery and Reconstruction Lived in a country governed by Jim Crow laws.
Who? Many of these people were part of the Great Migration out of the South and other racially stratified communities ;
Between 1910 and 1930, the African American population in the North rose by about 20 percent overall. Cities such as Chicago, Detroit, New York, and Cleveland had some of the biggest increases.
Factors behind the Great Migration Avoid the racial segregation of Jim Crow laws in the South Boll weevil infestation in Southern cotton in the late 1910s forced people to search for other work Blacks could take the service jobs that new white factory workers had vacated; The Immigration Act of 1924 stopped European immigrants, causing a shortage of factory workers; The Great Mississippi Flood of 1927 displaced thousands of African-American farm workers.
Effects of the Harlem Renaissance Music Literature Art
Music Jazz –Brass and woodwind instruments with trumpets, trombones and saxophones playing lead parts –Characterized by intricate leads and accidentals –Complex chords, syncopated rhythms –Improvised solos
Music Big Band or Swing –No microphones meant that musicians increased band size to increase sound –Used composers and arrangers –Little room for improvisation