Presentation on theme: " They affect over 50 million people over age 18 in the United States Many have a median onset as early as 13 years of age Indirect and direct economic."— Presentation transcript:
They affect over 50 million people over age 18 in the United States Many have a median onset as early as 13 years of age Indirect and direct economic costs associated with treatment of anxiety disorder was $46.6 billion as late as 2004 May interfere with being able to form and sustain relationships May interfere with obtaining or sustaining employment
Panic attack Panic Disorder without agoraphobia Panic Disorder with agoraphobia Obsessive- Compulsive Disorder Substance induced Anxiety Disorder Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Generalized Anxiety Disorder Anxiety Disorder due to a general medical condition Anxiety Disorder Not otherwise specified
A discrete period in which there is the sudden onset of intense apprehension, fearfulness, or terror, often associated with feeling of impending doom. During these attacks, symptoms such as shortness of breath, palpitations, chest pain or discomfort, choking or smothering sensations, and fear of “going crazy” or losing control are present.
1) palpitations, pounding heart, or accelerated heart rate 2) sweating 3) trembling or shaking 4) sensations of shortness of breath or smothering 5) feeling of choking 6) chest pain or discomfort 7) nausea or abdominal distress 8) feeling dizzy, unsteady, lightheaded, or faint 9) derealization (feelings of unreality) or depersonalization (being detached from oneself) 10) fear of losing control or going crazy 11) fear of dying 12) paresthesias (numbness or tingling sensations) 13) chills or hot flushes
Is anxiety about, or avoidance of, places or situations from which escape might be difficult (or embarrassing) or in which help may not be available in the event of having a Panic Attack or panic-like symptoms.
Is characterized by clinically significant anxiety provoked by exposure to a specific feared object or situation, often leading to avoidance behavior.
Is characterized by clinically significant anxiety provoked by exposure to certain types of social or performance situations, often leading to avoidance behaviors.
Is characterized by obsessions (which cause marked anxiety or distress) and/or by compulsions (which serve to neutralize anxiety).
Is characterized by the re- experiencing of an extremely traumatic event accompanied by symptoms of increased arousal and by avoidance of stimuli associated with the trauma.
Is characterized by symptoms similar to those of Posttraumatic Stress that occur immediately in the aftermath of an extremely traumatic event.
Is characterized by at least 6 months of persistent and excessive anxiety and worry.
Is characterized by prominent symptoms of anxiety that are judged to be a direct physiological consequence of a general medical condition.
Is included for coding disorders with prominent anxiety or phobia avoidance that do not meet criteria for any of the specific Anxiety Disorders defined in the DSM-IV-TR (or anxiety symptoms about which there is inadequate or contradictory information).
Common characteristics: Brief Easy to administer Easy to score Easy to interpret Little knowledge of testing procedure needed Most are self-report Most are done in 15 minutes
87 item 7 point, likert-based questionnaire that assesses beliefs considered characteristic of obsessive thinking.
assesses the overestimation of threat from potentially contaminated objects.
42 item self-report measure of the frequency of OCD symptoms and distress experienced from them in the past month.
20 item self report measure compromised of two subscales which assess compulsive behaviors in OCD---harm avoidance and incompleteness
10 item, 5-point Likert scale measuring the severity and frequency of obsessions and compulsions experienced during a day.
14 item instrument that focuses thoughts ands somatic modes of trait anxiety and is used to assess the presence of general anxiety in situations.
26 item, 3-point Likert, self-report measurement that assesses DSM-IV symptoms of PTSD for multiple traumatic experiences. To obtain scale, contact Melvyn Hammarberg, PhD Department of Anthropology University of Pennsylvania 325 University Museum 33rd and Spruce Street Philadelphia, PA 19104-6398
43 item, 5-point Likert, self-report measure associated with 17 DSM symptoms embedded in the scale and items measuring general distress.
17 item, 11 point Likert, self-report measure used to measure and assess DSM-IV symptoms of PTSD. Useful for those multi-traumatic events and unknown trauma history.
Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders fourth edition. (2000). Arlington, VA.: American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc. Dziegielewski, S.F. (2010). Dsm-iv-tr in action 2nd edition. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons
Mayo Clinic Staff, (2010). Treatments and drugs. Mayo clinic. Retrieved October 25, 2010, from http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/panic- attacks/DS00338/DSECTION=treatments-and- drugs Autism research asd-carc. (2007). Retrieved from http://www.asdcarc.com/index.php/publishe r/articleview/?PHXSESSID=7361595bf597d985 3f375f838eff96d3&/1/frmArticleID/421/staticI d/1253/#A9