Presentation on theme: "Governmental Systems:"— Presentation transcript:
1 Governmental Systems: Enlightenment and Revolution
2 Good Morning!The last two days we have focused on economic systems, but today we will examine government systems.What is the difference between the economy and the government?
3 Absolute Monarchy Monarch is King/Queen, Tsar, Emperor, Shah, etc. Monarch has absolute, or total, control over subjectsMonarch’s power comes from divine right, or through the will of GodRoyal bloodline of high importanceCitizens have no role in choosing their leaderGenerally, the Monarch has a group of advisors to help make decisionsCitizens may face punishment if they express criticismModern Day Example: Saudi Arabia
4 Constitutional Monarchy King/Queen’s power’s are limited; “limited monarchy”Citizens and Parliament, or the law- making branch of government, have rights guaranteed under a ConstitutionMonarch and Parliament share powerModern-Day Example: Great Britain
5 Presidential Democracy Voters elect Executive (President) and Legislative Branch (Parliament or Congress) separatelyThere is a separation of powers and checks and balances, so that no single branch becomes too powerfulModern Day Example: U.S.A.
7 Parliamentary Democracy Voters elect Legislature, or ParliamentParliament selects the chief Executive, or Prime MinisterPrime Minister leads Parliament and carries out its lawsParliament may remove Prime Minister and/or cabinet (P.M.’s advisors) from officeMost popular system of governmentModern Day Example: Canada
8 Dictatorship Single ruler, or Dictator, has absolute power A dictatorship will begin when a person eitherSeizes control by force (coup d'état or military revolution)Takes additional power after being electedCitizens generally have very few rightsDissent is generally not tolerated b/c of fear of severe punishmentModern Day Example: North Korea
9 Theocracy Religious leaders rule a nation and impose religious law No tolerance for other forms of religion, traditions, and customsModern day example: Iran
10 Where have you head the word the “totalitarian” before Where have you head the word the “totalitarian” before? What do you think it means?Does it have anything to do with dissent?If so, what is the difference between totalitarianism and absolutism?Which of these systems tolerate dissent and which do not?
11 Do NOT tolerate dissent Constitutional MonarchyPresidential DemocracyParliamentary DemocracyDo NOT tolerate dissentAbsolute MonarchyDictatorshipTheocracy
12 Totalitarianism vs. Democracy AdvantagesQuick, efficient decision- makingStability, order, securityDisadvantagesMust sacrifice natural rights and civil libertiesCannot select leaderNo minority rightsNo access to unbiased news/information— everything is state-runDemocracyAdvantages“General Will” of the majorityCitizens select leaderCitizens have natural rightsCitizens can voice political dissentDisadvantagesIs majority always correct?SLOW decision-making (can this be good as well?)“Tyranny of the majority”?Are minority rights protected?