Presentation on theme: "The Privy council which are royal advisors set English Colony policies. The king had all of the final decisions."— Presentation transcript:
The Privy council which are royal advisors set English Colony policies. The king had all of the final decisions.
In Royal Colonies, The KING OR QUEEN CHOSE THE GOVERNOR> In a Proprietary colony, The proprietor chose the governor. (THE ONE WHO OWNED THE CHARTER)
They let the citizens elected representatives to help make laws and set policy. The laws passed had to be approved by the assembly and the Governor.
The 1 st colonial legislature in North America. 2 bodies 1. COUNCIL OF STATE (selected by the advisory council and The london Company) 2. HOUSE OF BURGESUS (selected by the citizens of the colony)
People talked about and decided on issues of local interest.
Wanted more control in England and in the Colonies. HE united the Northern Colonies under the Dominion of New England. Sir Edmond Andros royal governor of the Dominion. He used his power to limit town meetings.
King James gets replaced. The English Bill of Rights reduced the powers of the MONARCH (king or queen)
Colonists used local courts to settle affairs. The courts represented the people and their beliefs.
Peter Zenger printed a false statement about the Governor of New York. His attorney argued that Zenger could print whatever he wanted as long a it was true. The citizens found him not guilty: saying they had a right to voice their opinion. FREEDOM OF SPEECH kind of
When you have fewer imports than you have exports. Imports: Goods bought from other countries. Exports: Good sold to other countries.
1. Colonists could not trade sugar and cotton with anyone but England. 2. They had to use English ships. 3. They next had to pass through English ports where heavy taxes were added to the goods.
They wanted to trade for the best price, not just to England. Smugglers: illegal traders The colonist started smuggling molasses into the colonies from the Caribbean. The Molasses Act if 1733: put high taxes on Molasses.
A system in which goods and slaves were traded among the Americas, Britain, and Africa.
This is where millions of Africans were brought across the Atlantic Ocean to be sold. Took as long as 3 months. Thousands died along the way. Fit as many slaves as they could for profit……>THIS WAS TERRIBLE>>>>
Revivals are emotional gatherings where people came together to hear sermons.
This was a religious movement that swept through the colonies in 1730’s and 1740’s. This changed colonial religion. Jonathan Edwards: Important leader in the great awakening. Told people to seek forgiveness or >…
Spread the idea that logic or deep thinking could improve society. John Locke: thought people had natural rights such as equality and liberty.
Colonial Militia fought American Indian Warriors. MILITIA: A group of people fighting together. They are not a trained army. Only 600 colonist and 3,000 Indians died in King Philips war. Including METACOMET
British wanted to settle in the Ohio River Valley because of the valuable FUR TRADE The French built three forts in the OHIO RIVER VALLEY Fighting erupted when the British moved to take over the Valley.
He finds the French in control of the Ohio River Valley. George Builds Fort Necessity. Washington surrendered when his troops suffered many casualties.
Began when Washington Surrendered. The colony leaders met and made the Albany Plan……. It was to unite the colonies.
The Treaty of Paris ended the War. Britain got Canada and all French lands East of the Mississippi River except the City of New Orleans Spain received Louisiana the land France had claimed west of the MISSISSPPI RIVER.
He opposed or was against British Settlement in The Ohio Valley Pontiac rebelled and attacked British Forts. They captured or destroyed 7 British Forts. Pontiac led an attack on Fort Detroit, but the British Held out…..for months
Proclamation of 1763: Banned settlement west of the Appalachian Mountains. Settlers there must leave and come back to the colonies.