Only book in the Bible not to mention God. Yet, the presence of God is very much assumed.
Ahasuerus – Hebrew equivalent to the Greek name Xerxes. Xerxes I of Persia Assumed throne of Persia in 486 B.C. following death of Darius I.
Esther 1:3-5 – “…in the third year of his reign he gave a banquet…and he displayed the riches of his royal glory and the splendor of his great majesty for many days, 180 days. When these days were completed, the king gave a banquet lasting seven days for all the people who were present….”
Esther 1:10-12 – “On the seventh day, when the heart of the king was merry with wine, he commanded…to bring Queen Vashti before the king with her royal crown in order to display her beauty…but Queen Vashti refused….”
Esther 2:2 – “Then the king’s attendants, who served him, said, ‘Let beautiful young virgins be sought for the king.”
6 months with “oil of myrhh 6 months with cosmetics
Real name is Hadassah (Myrtle Tree = righteousness) Esther 2:10 – “Esther did not make known her people or her kindred, for Mordecai had instructed her that she should not make them known.”
2:21 – “In those days…two of the king’s officials…who guarded the door, became angry and sought to lay hands on King Ahasuerus. But the plot became known to Mordecai and he told Esther, and Ester informed the king in Mordecai’s name.”
Esther 3:1 --After these events King Ahasuerus promoted Haman, the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, and advanced him and established his authority over all the princes who were with him.
Everyone else bows before him. Mordecai will not bow before him.
Esther 3:8-11 – Haman tells the king that the Jews don’t keep his decrees. Convinces the king to sign a decree for their extermination. Ahasuerus puts the matter into Haman’s hands.
3:13 – “Letters were sent by couriers to all the king’s provinces to destroy, to kill and to annihilate all the Jews, both young and old, women and children, in one day, the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, which is the month Adar….”
4:1 -- When Mordecai learned all that had been done, he tore his clothes, put on sackcloth and ashes, and went out into the midst of the city and wailed loudly and bitterly.
4:8 --He also gave him a copy of the text of the edict which had been issued in Susa for their destruction, that he might show Esther and inform her, and to order her to go in to the king to implore his favor and to plead with him for her people.
4:11 = Can’t come before the king without invitation. If he does not extend his scepter the person seeking audience will be put to death. 4:13-14 If they learn Esther is a Jew she will die too. This may be the reason she attained royalty. “For if you remain silent…deliverance will arise for the Jews from another place….”
Esther comes before the king and scepter is extended. She plans a banquet for only the king and Haman.
“Then Haman went out that day glad and pleased of heart…was filled with anger against Mordecai….Haman also said, “Even Esther the queen let no one but me come with the king to the banquet which she had prepared….”
6:8-9 – “…let them bring a royal robe…the horse on which the king has ridden…let them array the man whom the king desires to honor and lead him on horseback…and proclaim before him, “Thus it shall be done to the man whom the king desires to honor.’”
7:10 – “So they hanged Haman on the gallows which he had prepared for Mordecai, and the king’s anger subsided.”
Proverbs 16:18 – “Pride goes before destruction and a haughty spirit before stumbling.”
“But He gives a greater grace. Therefore it says, “God is opposed to the proud, but gives grace to the humble.”
“For whatever is born of God overcomes the world; and this is the victory that has overcome the world – our faith.”