Presentation on theme: "Shakespeare I. A Brief Biography II. The Globe Theater III. Themes, Motifs, and Symbols in Romeo and Juliet IV. Dramatic Terms."— Presentation transcript:
Shakespeare I. A Brief Biography II. The Globe Theater III. Themes, Motifs, and Symbols in Romeo and Juliet IV. Dramatic Terms
Shakespeare: A Brief Biography Born in April 1564 at Stratford-on-Avon John Shakespeare (father) ◦ tanner, glover, dealer in grain ◦ town official (alderman, and later mayor) Mary (mother) ◦ daughter of Robert Arden, a prosperous gentleman-farmer.
Shakespeare: A Brief Biography Attended the Stratford Grammar School Did not go to Oxford or Cambridge
Shakespeare: A Brief Biography Married Anne Hathaway in 1582 Three children born: Susanna, Judith, and Hamnet
Shakespeare: A Brief Biography By 1590, he was an actor and playwright Leader of the Lord Chamberlain’s Men and the King’s Men died April 23, 1616
Shakespeare: A Brief Biography He was buried in Stratford; the inscription on his tombstone reads...
Shakespeare: A Brief Biography “Good Friend, for Jesus’ sake, forbear To dig the dust enclosed here; Blest be the man that spares these stones And curst be he that moves my bones.”
Shakespeare: A Brief Biography Author of 37 plays and 154 sonnets Robert Greene, a critic, attacked Shakespeare, a mere actor, for writing plays. He acted before Queen Elizabeth in 1594. The exact year in which William Shakespeare wrote Romeo and Juliet is unknown, but it is definitely one of his earlier works, and one of only two tragedies written in the period from 1590 to 1595
The Globe Theater He wrote his plays to be performed in the Globe Theater. The only account we have of the Globe is from a diary of a Swiss doctor who visited London and crossed the Thames River to see a play in a theater with a thatched roof.
The Globe Theater It was built in 1599 and burned down 14 years later in 1613. It was an 8 sided building with a central yard.
The Globe Theater Spectators’ price of admissions was ◦ one penny - to stand in yard around stage (these were called the groundlings) ◦ two pennies - to sit in 2nd and 3rd floor galleries ◦ three pennies - to sit in the first floor galleries
The Globe Theater Stage ◦ 1/3 of yard was filled with 6ft high platform ◦ no curtain ◦ no artificial lighting ◦ back wall had at least two doors ◦ balcony was used for hilltops, walls of cities, or second story scenes. ◦ trapdoors were used to raise or lower actors and props.
The Globe Theater Take a tour of the new Globe Theater.... Shakespeare's Globe Theatre
Shakespearian Drama Tragedy: A drama that ends in catastrophe—most often death—for the main character and often for several other important characters as well Tragic Hero: The main character, someone who is nobly born and has great influence in his or her society. This character has weakness or errors in judgment (Tragic Flaws) that lead to his or her downfall. Fate may play a role in the course that events take.
Shakespearian Drama Comic Relief: A humorous scene, incident, or speech that relieves the overall emotional intensity in the play. Comic relief helps the audience absorb the tragic events in the plot of a play.
Shakespearian Drama Allusion: A brief reference, within a work, to something outside the work that the reader or audience is expected to know. Many of Shakespeare’s allusions are to mythology or the Bible.
Shakespearian Drama Foil: A character whose personality or attitudes are in sharp contrast to those of another character in the same work. This highlights the other character’s traits
Shakespearian Drama Soliloquy and Aside: A Soliloquy is a speech made by an actor alone on stage to let the audience know what is on that character’s mind. An Aside is a character’s remark to the audience or to another character that others on stage aren’t supposed to hear. The purpose of an aside is to reveal that character’s thoughts.
Shakespearian Drama Blank Verse: Unrhymed lines of iambic pentameter. Shakespeare wrote all of his plays in blank verse.
Shakespearian Drama Example of Blank Verse ~ / ~ / ~ / ~ / ~ / But soft.|What light| through yon|der win|dow breaks? ~ / ~ / ~ / ~~ / ~ / It is| the east|, and Jul|iet is |the sun!