Presentation on theme: "Tragedy and the Tragic Hero"— Presentation transcript:
1 Tragedy and the Tragic Hero AristotleTragedy and the Tragic Hero
2 Aristotle’s Life Student of the philosopher Plato Teacher to Alexander the GreatDivided philosophical thought into ethics, physics, and logic
3 A General Definition of Tragedy Any serious and dignified drama that describes a conflict between the hero(protagonist) and a superior force(antagonist), and reaches a sorrowful conclusion that arouses pity or fear in the audience(catharsis).
4 Aristotle’s Definition of Tragedy Tragedy is an imitation of an action that is serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude; in language embellished with each kind of artistic ornament, the several kinds being found in separate parts of the play; in the form of action, not of narrative; through pity and fear effecting the proper purgation of these emotions.
5 Aristotle’s Poetics: Basic Concepts Complex plots are better than simple onesSuffering is to be included in a tragic plot which should end unhappily.The pity and fear from which the tragedy evokes, should come from the events, not from the mere sight of something on stage.
6 Recognition and Reversal Recognition is a change from ignorance to knowledge.The new knowledge often identifies an unknown relative or dear one whom the hero should cherish but was about to harm or has just harmed.Reversal is a change of a situation to its opposite.
7 Tragic Hero - TermsHamartia – The tragic flaw that eventually leads to hero’s downfallPeripeteia – a reversal of fortune brought about by the hero’s tragic flaw
8 AristotleA man cannot become a hero until he can see the root of his own downfall
9 Characteristics of the Tragic Hero. The Character… Is not all good or badIs of the noble class or highly renowned and prosperousHas a tragic flawRecognizes his error and accepts the consequencesArouses the audience’s pity and fear
10 Famous Tragic HeroesHow do each of the following fit the description of a tragic hero according to Aristotle? Lear Hamlet