Presentation on theme: "GREEK TRAGEDY The Greek theatre or Greek drama is a theatrical tradition that flourished in ancient Greece between c. 550 and c. 220 BC. Athens, the."— Presentation transcript:
GREEK TRAGEDY The Greek theatre or Greek drama is a theatrical tradition that flourished in ancient Greece between c. 550 and c. 220 BC. Athens, the political and military power in Greece during this period, was the center of ancient Greek theatre. Greek theater and plays have had a lasting impact on Western drama and culture.
DEFINITION A drama in which a character (usually a good and noble person of high rank) is brought to a disastrous end in his or her confrontation with a superior force (fortune, the gods, social forces, universal values), but also comes to understand the meaning of his or her deeds and to accept an appropriate punishment.
(495 BC - 406 BC) was the second of three great ancient Greek tragedians. He wrote 123 or more plays during the course of his life. Oedipus Antigone
TRAGIC HERO The tragic hero is a man of noble stature. He is not an ordinary man, but a man with outstanding quality and greatness about him. His own destruction is for a greater cause or principle. “noble stature/high rank” usually means a king, duke, prince, company owner, etc.
CHARACTERISTICS OF A TRAGIC HERO According to Aristotle: 1.Usually of noble birth 2.Hamartia – a.k.a. the tragic flaw that eventually leads to his downfall. 3.Peripeteia – a reversal of fortune brought about by the hero’s tragic flaw 4.His actions result in an increase of self- awareness and self-knowledge 5.The audience must feel pity and fear for this character.
THE “TRAGIC FLAW” The “flaw” in the character is a defect which keeps him/her from being aware of the situation around him/her. The character does not understand (for much of the story) his/her part of creating the situation. The tragic flaw leads to the downfall of the tragic hero
THE HERO’S UNDERSTANDING The tragic hero has a “moment of enlightenment” near the end of the story. He/she finally understands what he/she has done wrong—how he/she contributed to the tragic situation. The story often ends with the death of the tragic hero.
TERMS TO KNOW Hamartia- the hero’s flaw, error, or frailty Hubris- a characters exaggerated pride or self-confidence Catharsis- the spiritual plunge that is obtained when the audience feels pity and terror/fear from what they see happening on stage ( inspires viewer to lead a better life)