Presentation on theme: "So… what is a Tragic Hero anyway?"— Presentation transcript:
1 So… what is a Tragic Hero anyway? Born of noble birthFatal flaw – personality and/or judgmentFate controlled by fatal flawMust suffer more than he/she deservesMust be doomed from the start, but bears no responsibility for possessing flawNoble in nature but imperfect (human)Must have discovered fate by own actionsStory should arouse fear and empathy (could happen to someoneMust be physically/spiritually wounded by experiences, often resulting in death
2 Tragic Hero Background “A man cannot become a hero until he can see the root of his own downfall.” AristotleThe tragic hero is a man of noble stature. He is not an ordinary man, but a man with outstanding quality and greatness about him. His own destruction is for a greater cause or principle.
4 1. Noble BackgroundOften (but not always) a member of a royal family, or a higher social classSomeone that normal people would “look up to” or admire – has outstanding qualities
5 2. Imperfect or “human” despite noble nature Has outstanding quality or greatness, but audience must identify with himWithout imperfections, downfall would seem unlikely
6 3. Possesses a Fatal Flaw Also called the Hamartia Traditional fatal flaw is hubris, or excessive pride but there can be many othersFlaw ultimately leads to hero’s downfall, often death
7 4. The hero's downfall is partially her/his own fault Downfall is a result of free will/choice, NOT villainy or accidentWe don’t blame the character for the fatal flaw, only the decisions made or actionsthat result from the flaw.
8 5. Punishment exceeds the crime May be injured, or may suffer losses of family or fortuneWounds are not entirely deserved
9 6. The fall is not pure loss… Downfall or death is usually seen as a waste of human potentialSuffering always has greater meaningGreater lesson learned
10 Example: John Proctor Noble Background Imperfect Fatal Flaw Causes own downfallSuffers greatlyGains new knowledge
11 Noble BackgroundJohn Proctor is a farmer. He is handsome and well regarded in his community. He is not wealthy or noble but honest and respected by his neighbors.
12 ImperfectJohn Proctor had an affair with Abigail Williams when she was the Proctors’ house servant. Proctor’s wife, Elizabeth, discovered this affair. Proctor sincerely works to improve his icy relationship with his wife, Elizabeth, but she senses that he is still in love with Abigail.
13 Fatal Flaw Lechery Pride Does not want the community to know of his sinBelieves he can handle Abigail
14 Causes own downfallProctor believes he can keep his lecherous past with Abigail a secret from the community and still save Elizabeth who has been accused of witchcraft by Abigail. He drags Mary Warren to court and she winds up accusing him.
15 Suffers greatlyProctor is condemned to hang. He is tortured physically and spiritually.For example:The morning of his hanging, Abigail bribes the jailor to let her see Proctor. She has arranged for them to run away together to Boston where they can begin a new life together. Abigail tells him that she has forgiven him for calling her out. Proctor gives no answer and Abigail flees
16 Gains new knowledgeProctor understands that he has brought a catastrophe to his entire community because of his actions.
17 Essay TopicChoose one of three characters from The Killer Angels: Joshua Chamberlain, James Longstreet, or Robert E. Lee. Then write a thorough and convincing essay proving that he is a “tragic hero.” In order to receive full credit, your essay should address at least three of the criteria that must be met in order for a character to be considered a tragic hero. Specific examples from the novel must be used to support your ideas.
18 Your essay must have… A well written intro and conclusion A clear thesis statementAn in-depth analysis based on three criteriaCreative and convincing argumentsSpecific and pertinent examples from the novel to prove your ideas.Direct quotes or paraphrases along with page numbers
19 Introduction Basic structure: Background sentence (“The Battle of Gettysburg…”) (“Robert E. Lee was…”)Thesis statement… so what statement?Road mapSentences outlining the main ideas of your body paragraphs
20 Writing the Perfect Thesis: An Equation SPECIFIC ASSERTION(creates an entry point for your readers; the “so what?”)LITERARY DEVICE(used to focus your essay so it is not too broad)TITLE OF THE TEXT(properly underlined if it is a novel)++=The perfect thesis!It does not matter what order these elements go in, as long as they are included
21 Conclusion Basic structure for your conclusion Restate or rephrase your thesisSummarize (but don’t explain) your main ideasSummarize your final thoughtsDO NOT end with “This was my essay and I hope you enjoyed it…” or any similar phrase. It is too casual for formal writing.
22 Pop Culture Quest Groups of no more than 3 You may use ONE of the examples I have providedDue at the end of the class period