2 Essential QuestionWhy do I need to know how to write a persuasive paper?
3 Graphic Organizer Types of Persuasive Writing What Persuasive Writing IsPurpose of Persuasive WritingAny other information I think is important about persuasive writing
4 Have you ever asked your parents to buy you something special? Have you tried to convince your parents to let you spend the night with someone or go to take a special trip?* Discuss with a partner a time you tried to persuade your parents to do something or to allow you do to something.
5 Sometimes you have to write to try to persuade someone to do something or try to persuade someone to change their mind about something.When you do this with writing, you have to form an opinion and try to convince someone else of your opinion by supporting it with relevant facts, ideas, and examples.
6 Ways to PersuadeMagazine AdsTV CommercialsNewspaper Ads
7 Types of Persuasive Writing Advertisements for clothing, toys, or foodTravel brochuresPolitical speechesRequests for donations to charitiesMovie reviewsBook reviewsLetters to the editor
8 Defining Persuasive Writing Persuasive Writing: Writing for the purpose of convincing others to accept the writer’s position as valid, adopt a certain point of view, or take some action.Method:Provides logical appeals, emotional appeals, facts, statistics, narrative anecdotes, humor, and/or the writer’s personal experiences and knowledge to support a position.
9 What Persuasive Writing Is and Is Not An effective persuasive composition . . .An effective persuasive composition is NOTClearly establishes a positionA list of facts, a story, and/or personal anecdotes that do not establish a clear positionIncludes appeals to logic and/or emotionA chance for the writer to simply vent about a topicContains an appropriate organizational strategy for the purpose of persuasionWriting in which ideas are presented in illogical or confusing orderIs multi-paragraph writing that supports a specific side of an issueA single paragraphFully develops the writer’s position with specific details and examplesA formulaic response with repetitive ideas and languageUses specific facts, personal experience and knowledge, and/or statistics to support the writer’s positionA presentation of irrelevant ideasUses a lively writing voice to engage the readerFlat, uninteresting writing
10 What Persuasive Writing Is and Is Not An effective persuasive composition . . .An effective persuasive composition is NOTUses engaging, precise language and varied sentencesAn essay that contains imprecise language and little sentence varietyIntroduces the reader to the issue, fully develops a position, and provides a sense of closureWriting that presents ideas without introducing, developing, and/or providing closureMay contain a short narrative in the introduction or a skillful extended narrative that supports the writer’s positionA story that does not address the persuasive purpose of the topicDemonstrates that the writer can anticipate and counter the audience’s positions on the issueWriting that does not consider the audience when developing a position on an issueContains correct sentences, usage, grammar, and spelling that make the writer's ideas understandableIncorrect sentences, usage, grammar, and spelling that prevent the reader from understanding the writer's ideas
11 Overview of Persuasive Writing Purpose: What is the writer convincing me to think or do? -Introduction-Supporting reasons-Conclusion-Argument-Address Counter argument-One side of the issue-Another side of the issue-Anecdote illustrating position
12 Organizational Patterns for Persuasive Writing Introduction Supporting ideas ConclusionArgument Address counter-argument ConclusionIntroduction Both sides of the issue ConclusionIntroduction Anecdote illustrating position ConclusionIntroduction Proposed plan and support Conclusion
13 The Writer’s Position/Point of View There are three main types of positions a writer may adopt in a persuasive piece:SupportOpposePresent and defend a plan or an alternativeThe writer’s position may be stated directly or implied by the evidence the writer presents.In persuasive writing, the writer’s point of view is often the same as the writer’s position on the issue.
14 Purpose Persuasive writing can have several purposes: convincing others to adopt a certain point of view on an issueConvincing others to take some actionConvincing others to accept the writer’s position as valid.
15 Demonstrating Audience Awareness in Persuasive Writing Effective writers use the following techniques to engage the readerDescriptive DetailsFigurative Language: Imagery, similes, metaphorsAuthoritative voiceEmotional appealsAddressing the readerHumorPersonal anecdotesRhetorical questions
16 Style Strategies for Persuasive Writing Strategies to Engage the Reader:Rhetorical Questions; “How would you feel if..”Addressing the reader: “You should” or “We all should”Emotional Appeals: “Animals are sad in zoos.”Use of the inclusive “We”Anticipating reader concerns about the issueUsing personal experiences to support the writer’s positionFigurative LanguageConnotative MeaningsEvocative Voice
21 In order for participants to gain confidence in assessing student writing samples, it is essential that they have multiple opportunities to apply the new Georgia Grade 3 Writing Rubric.Remind participants that they aren’t looking for an exact match with the rubric description; they are looking for a best fit. A student paper may demonstrate characteristics of two adjacent score points.
22 Scoring GuidelinesDoes not MeetBorderline Meets27 – 40 Meets the Standard41 – 43 Borderline Exceeds44 – 50 Exceeds the Standard
23 Task:I am going to read the following paper to you.You and a partner are going to discuss if this student has a paper that tries to persuade or convince you of something.
40 Your Persuasive Writing Topic Your school has raised $10,000. How should it spend the money? Should they buy better PE equipment? Should they buy more technology for the classrooms so that every teacher has computers in the classroom? Should they donate it to a children’s charity? Write a letter to your principal persuading him or her to your point of view.
41 Remember the Steps of the Writing Process Prewriting (Brainstorming)DraftingRevising/EditingPublishing/Sharing
42 PrewritingDecide which idea you support. Write it down on this sticky note.Share it aloud.Choose a partner that shares your opinion.
43 PrewritingComplete a brainstorming activity together coming up with as many reasons as possible to support your opinion.Each person in the pair will need to narrow this list down to the two, three, or four reasons that you can support the best with your own personal reasons, examples, etc. so that you will be able to develop your paper from these.
44 Drafting Write your paper as your ideas come to you. If you have difficulty starting with the introduction, you may want to skip the introduction and come back to it.
45 Revising/EditingUse your checklist and rubrics to make sure that you have your paper worded the way you want it.Proofread for errors.Make sure you used a variety of words and sentences.
46 Publishing/SharingShare your paper with a person that did not have the same opinion as you.Were you able to convince them to change their mind? If not, you may want to think about why your reasons why not effective.
47 Answering the essential question-- Write a persuasive paper that shows that you know how to persuade a reader to accept your opinion or view point.