2 The U.S. Congress Bicameral Senate House 100 members Six year term 435 Reapportioned after each census (average # of constituents 700,000)
3 Congressional Duties Make the Laws Representatives of their constituents
4 Powers of Congress – Article 1 Raise and collect taxesBorrow moneyRegulate commerceSet laws for Naturalization and BankruptcyCoin MoneyPunish counterfeitingPost officeCopyrights and patentsSet up courtsDeclare warEstablish the military and National guardMake rules and allot funds for the military and National guardPunish piratesRun Washington D.C. and all federal propertyElastic clause- implied power
5 ELASTIC CLAUSEThe necessary and proper clause gives Congress the power to make laws “necessary and proper” to carry out the delegated dutiesAlso known as the ‘elastic clause’ it stretches the power given Congress
6 House of Representatives Term: 2 yearsQualifications25 years old7 years as a U.S. citizenResident of represented state
7 House of Representatives Number of representatives: 435Speaker of the House – John Boehner2nd in line of successionDecides the committees each member will serve onDecides the order in which bills will be heard
8 House of Representatives Special Powers of the House of RepresentativesAll money (appropriations) bills start hereSelect the President in an Electoral College tieWrite the article of impeachment against high ranking officials
9 Senate Term of office: 6 years Qualifications: 30 years old 9 years a citizen of the U.S.Resident of the represented state
10 Senate Number of Senators: 100 Head of the Senate: U.S. Vice President – Joe BidenPower: Decides committee members and order bill are debated.
11 Senate Special Powers Approves all treaties Approves all appointments Chooses the Vice President in an Electoral College tieActs as the jury in all trials of impeachment
12 Privileges and Compensation of Congress members: Salary $193,000 per yearMedical and dental benefitsFree office, parking, and trips to home stateFranking privilege- free postage on all mail to constituents
13 Privileges and Compensation of Congress members: Immunity or legal protection:Cannot be sued of anything they say or write while carrying out their dutiesCannot be arrested for minor offenses while Congress is in sessionMay not hold other political office at the same time
14 Listening Quiz: Answer each question in your own words What are the qualifications for a Senator and Representative (3 each) and why do you think there is an age difference between the two qualifications?What is the title of the leader of the House of Representatives and who is he?Name 2 privileges that Congress has and explain if you agree or disagree with the privileges
18 Steps of a Bill A Member of Congress introduces the Bill The Bill goes to a CommitteeThe Bill is debated by either the Senate or the HouseIf Bill is passed it goes to the other Chamber – if not it DIES!After Bill has been voted on in BOTH Chambers if is is approved…The Bill is sent to the President who can either approve – it becomes LAW – or he can VETO it, which then goes back and starts all over again… Or 2/3 of Congress can override the Pres!