Presentation on theme: "AN ENGLISH SETTLEMENT IN JAMESTOWN Chapter 2 Section 2"— Presentation transcript:
1 AN ENGLISH SETTLEMENT IN JAMESTOWN Chapter 2 Section 2 Mr. CliffordUS 1
2 MAIN IDEA & WHY IT MATTERS NOW The first permanent English settlement in North America was founded at Jamestown, Virginia in 1607English colonies in Virginia developed into the present states of the southern United States.
4 Colonization is a Business King James: granted a permit charter to two joint stock companies: Virginia companies of (London & Plymouth)Virginia Company: lured financial support by telling investors they would receive a percentage of all the profit they would receive from: gold, silver, cash crops. The English monarch would receive 20% of all the profit from Virginia Company,
5 Disaster in Jamestown - CAUSES: (WHY DIDN’T THE COLONY WORK?) 1.) Settlers focused on finding gold and planting tobacco and not on SURVIVAL !2.) Settlers were not used to working hard (Many came from rich, noble families who did not know how to clear fields, plant crops, build shelter, etc.)3.) Disease from infected river killed many. (dysentery) Hunger soon followed
6 Disaster in Jamestown Effects 1.) 38 out of 150 colonists remained alive by winter ) Jon Smith takes control of colony; colony begins to improve 3.) The Powhatan Tribe begins to help settlers 4.) Smith implements new law: NO WORK, NO FOOD
7 John Smith Does not Live Happily Ever After Smith returns to England after he gets burned in a fire and Jamestown begins to crumble-SPRING 1609: Another 600 colonists arrive (women & children)-Powhatan Tribe and English settlers begin to quarrel. How did Powhatan Tribe sabotage Jamestown settlement?
8 TOBACCO a.k.a. (Brown Gold) SAVES JAMESTOWN ! - John Rolfe: English colonists who came to Jamestown to profit from tobacco.- Why does tobacco become popular?Rolfe created a potent form of tobacco. People in Europe are already addicted.- How does tobacco save JAMESTOWN?The high demand for tobacco in Europe would help Jamestown become one of the most successful clip in the New World.clip
9 HOW DOES JAMESTOWN GET WORKERS? Headright System & Indentured ServitudeeFirst African laborers were treated as Indentured Servants. WHY?A decrease in indentured servants would lead to WHAT? Howard Zinn - Chapter 3
10 CLASHES WITH NATIVE AMERICANS More and more settlers and indentured servants come to Jamestown for freedom and prosperity.English settlers begin to push Powhatan and other Native American tribes off their lands.White settlers and Native Americans clash and violence ensues
11 ENGLISH PATTERN OF CONQUEST Learned conquering technique from their conquest of Ireland.Use superior weapons and fighting techniques to conquer and drive away native peoples (total and complete conquest)English colonists were forbidden to intermarry with Native AmericansEnglish colonists were forbidden to create a mestizo populationSettle land and develop plantation economy using indentured servants then slaves.
12 ECONOMIC DIFFERENCES SPLIT VIRGINIA As the Jamestown colony grew, an influx of poor indentured servants migrated to the colony. Once their service ended, white and black former indentured servants traveled to the western to build their own homes and plantations.Two societies came about:Wealthy, land owning planter society located in the eastern part of the colony.Poor, black & white indentured servant class located in the western section of the colony.
13 NATHANIEL BACON’S REBELLION Who was Nathaniel Bacon?Why were the poor, former, indentured servant class upset with the handling of Native Americans by the rich ruling class in Jamestown?
14 NATHANIEL BACON’S REBELLION NATHANIEL BACON decided to take charge: (WHAT DOES HE DO)Governor William Berkely and the rich landowners call Bacon’s army illegal. (WHY)
15 NATHANIEL BACON’S REBELLION http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d6kE7vDf98Y BACON’S ARMY DECIDES TO MARCH INTO JAMESTOWN (WHAT HAPPENS?)Bacon’s army sets fire to the town.William Berkley flees Jamestown and requests that the King send troops to quell the violence.When Berkley returns with troops, Nathaniel Bacon had died of dysentery and the rebellion had ended. Berkley executed members of the rebellion.African slavery would increase and indentured servitude would eventually end.