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Psychological Disorders

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Presentation on theme: "Psychological Disorders"— Presentation transcript:

1 Psychological Disorders
Chapter 16 Review

2 Any deviation from the average or from the majority would characterize which approach to defining and identifying psychological disorders?

3 What is abnormality?

4 This is used to categorize mental illness.

5 What is the DSM-V?

6 An approach to defining abnormality in which people are able to get along in the real world.

7 What is adjustment?

8 According to Abraham Maslow, this is the process of striving toward ideal functioning. The problem is, it is difficult to tell if a person is doing a good job of this or not.

9 What is self-actualization?

10 Repeated performance of a coping behavior.

11 What is a compulsion?

12 An intense and irrational fear of a particular object or situation.

13 What is a phobia?

14 Uncontrollable pattern of thoughts.

15 What is an obsession?

16 A condition in which a person experiences sudden and unexplainable attacks of intense anxiety.

17 What is panic disorder?

18 A person with this disorder experiences an original traumatic event in the form of dreams or flashbacks.

19 What is PTSD? Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

20 A person who is extremely afraid of darkness suffers from
A specific phobia a social phobia Agoraphobia Panic attacks

21 A) A specific phobia.

22 Physical symptoms of this disorder include muscular tension, an inability to relax, a furrowed brow, and a strained face.

23 What is general anxiety disorder

24 This is a reaction to vague or imagined dangers.

25 What is anxiety?

26 Symptoms of this disorder include breathing difficulties, faintness or dizziness, nausea, and chest pains.

27 What is panic disorder?

28 Which of the following is NOT suspected of causing generalized anxiety disorder?
a. Environmental factors Role of learning Heredity Brain tumors

29 Answer: D Brain tumors

30 This disorder is characterized by physical symptoms for which there is no apparent physical cause.

31 What is somatoform disorder?

32 Dissociative amnesia most often results from
Physical brain damage A traumatic event Drug abuse Normal forgetting

33 Answer: B A traumatic event

34 Which group is most likely to experience hypochondriasis?
Women The elderly Young adults Children

35 Answer: C Young Adults

36 This disorder is characterized by confused and disconnected thoughts, emotions, and perceptions.

37 What is schizophrenia?

38 Perceptions that have no direct external cause.

39 What are hallucinations?

40 False beliefs a person maintains in the face of contrary evidence.

41 What are delusions?

42 When an individual alternates between feelings of euphoria and depression they likely would be diagnosed with this disorder.

43 What is bipolar disorder?

44 A person with this psychological disorder experiences feelings of worthlessness and diminished pleasure in many activities.

45 What is major depressive disorder.

46 Mood disorders tend to run in families. True or False?

47 True

48 Those with ________schizophrenia have delusions of persecution or grandeur.

49 Paranoid

50 Some victims of schizophrenia lapse into a zombie-like state of apparent apathy, while others who exhibit ________, may remain motionless for hours.

51 Catatonia

52 When a person’s mood alternates between depression and the hyperactive state of _________, a __________disorder is diagnosed.

53 Mania; bipolar

54 Compared to men, women are less vulnerable to major depression
Compared to men, women are less vulnerable to major depression. True or False?

55 False. Women are more vulnerable.

56 Twin and adoptive studies do not support the contention that heredity plays a role in schizophrenia. True or False?

57 False. Twin and adoptive studies support the contention that heredity plays a role in schizophrenia.

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