Presentation on theme: "HAND WASHING & HYGIENE Prepared By Jihad K.Khair"— Presentation transcript:
1 HAND WASHING & HYGIENE Prepared By Jihad K.Khair Bethlehem University Faculty of nursing and health sciences Neonatal WorkshopHAND WASHING & HYGIENEPrepared ByJihad K.Khair
2 Outline Definition of Hand Washing Importance of Hand Washing Indications for Hand WashingWhen to wash handsHand Washing procedure Steps
3 Hand Washing Definition Hand washing is the act of cleansing the hands with water and soap for the purpose of removing soil or microorganism (germs), in order to prevent cross-contamination and minimize nosocomial infections. .
4 Importance of hand washing Hand washing is the most important thing that you can do to keep from getting sick.The main purpose of washing hands is to cleanse of pathogens (including bacteria or viruses) and chemicals which can cause personal harm or disease.
5 Importance of hand washing By frequently washing your hands you wash away & eliminate the germs that you have picked up from other people, or from contaminated surfaces, and avoid transferring the bacteria to other people and to your self.Washing your hands is one of the most effective ways to maintain health, control, reduce and prevent the spread of infection.
6 Indications for hand washing In generalWhen hands are visibly soiled and dirtyWhen you feel that your hands are contaminatedWhenever the health care providers are in doubt about the necessityAfter touching any object that has germs on itBefore and after any direct skin to skin contactAnytime you change tasks
7 Examples of when to wash hands Before & AfterUpon entry to NICU & before Starting to workBefore & After any direct patient contactBefore & After performing any invasive procedure, manipulating medical/ invasive devices or performing aseptic procedures.Before preparing milk, TPN and medication.
8 Examples of when to wash hands Before & After feeding the baby or giving medication.Between different procedures on the same patient.When applying NGT, suctioning, or folly's catheter.When eating, drinking or smoking.Before taking breaks or leaving the department.
9 Examples of when to wash hands After situations during which contamination of the hands is likely to have occurred – ex:-Handling linen and beddingHandling wasteCleaning equipment or spillagesHandling bodily fluid (blood, Stool, urine, mucus or vomits).Handling garbage or any dirty equipment.
10 Examples of when to wash hands After removing gloves and other protective clothing.After using the toilet.After sneezing or coughing.After using of telephone.
11 Hand washing procedure steps:- Before starting to wash handsKeep nails short.Avoid artificial nails and nail varnish.Remove watches and bracelets.Avoid wearing any ornaments.Check to be sure a clean, disposable paper towel and antiseptic soap are available.