2 Gas furnace controls – part 4 will review Group IV of the four groups of controls systems. The next slide will show all four groups as a review.Please refer to page A1 in your Student Handout Packet
3 The four groups are as follows: I. Manual Ignition with Standing Pilot and Pilot Heat SwitchII. Manual Ignition with Standing Pilot and ThermocoupleIII. Automatic Ignition with Standing PilotIV. Pilotless Ignition Systems
4 We will now look at the details of Group IV. IV. Pilotless Ignition Systems
5 Pilotless Ignition Systems Pilotless Ignition Systems basically means that there is NO standing pilot.
6 Pilotless Ignition Systems The sequence of operation of pilotless ignition systems will either:light a pilot, prove the pilot is lit, open the main gas valve to the main burners and the pilot will light the gas and keep operating, orlight the main burners, prove they are lit and keep operating.
7 Pilotless Ignition Systems There are two systems this power point presentation will review. They are:Hot Surface Ignition (HSI)Direct Spark Ignition (DSI)
8 Pilotless Ignition Systems The two systems are represented in your Student Handout Packet. These two systems are found in the A9 section and the A10 section.
9 Flame conductivity Flame rectification Before we take a look at these two pilotless ignition systems, we need to review two flame characteristics.Flame conductivityFlame rectification
10 Flame ConductivityA physical property of a flame is that it will pass current through it. It will be a VERY SMALL amount of current.
11 Flame ConductivityThe way it works is that the control module sends out an AC voltage. The flame conducts current both ways with the same size flame sensors, so the control module will ‘see’ an AC input in response to the AC signal it sent out.
13 Flame Conductivity Gas from either the pilot burner or the main burners make contact with both flame probes.Control Module
14 Flame Conductivity In this situation, the flame will ‘conduct’ the AC from and back to the control module.Control Module
15 Flame ConductivityFlame conductivity had some issues with false sensing and that is not good with gas equipment. So ‘flame conductivity’ is no longer used.
16 Flame RectificationFlame rectification has replaced flame conductivity and is a better flame sensing system.
17 Flame Rectification Flame Sensors Notice that there are still two sensors, but one is very large compared to the other one. The larger one is usually the metal housing of the furnace, so it is large compared to a pencil lead sized probe.Flame SensorsControl Module
18 Flame RectificationGas from either the pilot burner or the main burners makes contact with one probe. The other probe is the furnace housing, which is connected to the control module.Furnace housingControl Module
19 Flame RectificationIn this situation, the flame will ‘conduct’ AC from the control module, but due to the size difference of the probes, only a ‘rectified’ AC wave will return. So the rectified current will actually appear to be DC and the control module is designed to only sense this DC. So if it senses AC, it knows something is wrong and will shut down the furnace.Control Module
20 Flame Rectification This is what the sine wave looks like in the rectification circuit. A lot of flow in one direction, but very little flow in the opposite direction.Control Module
22 Hot Surface Ignition (HSI) A representation of this system is found in your Student Handout Packet, section A9.
23 Turn to page A9c to review the schematic, which is shown below.
24 A review of the following components found on this HSI system. Main valve/Redundant valveFlame Sensor ProbeControl ModuleHot Surface Ignitor
25 Main valve/Redundant valve The main valve and redundant valve are actually 2 valves in one housing that are piped in series. They both must be open for gas to flow to the burners, but if either one does NOT open or closes during operation, no more gas flows to the main burners.
26 Main valve/Redundant valve One valve would do the job, but because there are two, it is considered ‘redundant.’ This feature is for safety considerations.
27 Main valve/Redundant valve Look at the schematic and notice how the two valves are electrically connected. They are wired in parallel. This means that both valves will get voltage at the same time and they will open together.
28 Main valve/Redundant valve To review, the main valve and redundant valves are PIPED in series, but WIRED in parallel.
29 Flame Sensor ProbeThe ‘flame sensor probe’ may also be known as the ‘flame probe’ or ‘flame rod.’ It is a piece of stainless steel that one end is inserted into the gas flame, and the other end is connected to the control module.
31 Flame Sensor ProbeThe ‘flame sensor probe’ function is to sense the flame. More on how it does this later.
32 Control ModuleThe ‘Control Module’ is the brains behind the operation. It starts the sequence of operation and will provide safety shutdown if it detects anything is wrong either during start-up or during the running time of the equipment. We will go over its sequence of operation later.
33 Hot Surface IgnitorThe hot surface ignitor can be either silicone carbide or silicone nitride. When either device receives the voltage that it is rated at, it will get very hot and glow. This then becomes the high tech version of the older ‘glow coil’ described in a previous presentation.
34 Several Hot Surface Ignitor Configurations SiliconeNitrideSiliconeCarbide
35 Several Hot Surface Ignitor Configurations Silicone Carbidewith a shieldfor protection
36 Now that we have gone through each of the components of an HSI system, we will go through the sequence of operation. This sequence is also available on page A9c of your Student Handout Packet.
39 Thermostat calls for heat, control module is energized
40 Control module starts the ignition sequence, silicone carbide ignitor is energized and gets ‘hot.’
41 After approximately 17 or 45 seconds, control module energizes terminals MV and MV, both gas valves are energized and gas flows to the burners.
42 Flame sensor senses flame and ‘rectifies’ the current Flame sensor senses flame and ‘rectifies’ the current. Proof of ignition has occurred.Flame conducts current from sensor to ground of furnace housing.
43 After proof of ignition has occurred, control module will de-energize HSI.
45 Look at the control module and the terminal identification for the valves. You see MV and MV.
46 MV and MV is abbreviated for Main Valve MV and MV is abbreviated for Main Valve. What you don’t see is a PV for PILOT VALVE. This means that this control system does NOT have a separate pilot. The main burner gas is ignited and serves in place of the pilot gas. The control system proves ignition for the main burners.
48 1. Remove the flame sensor wire from the control module. Wire removed here
49 2. Insert your microamp meter, set for DC current,. and read the µa 2. Insert your microamp meter, set for DC current, and read the µa. Check with manufacturer for µa value.aµaµa meter inserted here
51 Direct Spark Ignition (DSI) A representation of this system is found in your Student Handout Packet, section A10.
52 Turn to page A10e to review the schematic, which is shown below.
53 You should observe the following about this circuit.
54 1. There is NO flame sensor identified. The ‘flame 1. There is NO flame sensor identified. The ‘flame sensing loop’ is the ground (GND) wire plus the high voltage wire used for the spark.
55 2. When you want to check the flame rectification 2. When you want to check the flame rectification circuit, you would break the GND wire.µaµa meter inserted here
56 3. Notice there is a ‘pilot burner. ’ This means there is a 3. Notice there is a ‘pilot burner.’ This means there is a pilot that is lit before the main burners.
57 4. Notice there are three terminals marked: MV,. MV/PV, PV 4. Notice there are three terminals marked: MV, MV/PV, PV. This ignition system uses two valves in the same housing: pilot valve and main valve.
58 5. The MV/PV terminal would be ‘common’ to both valves as shown below.
59 Direct Spark Ignition (DSI) Sequence of operation The sequence of operation and troubleshooting this circuit may be found in the Student Handout Packet A10 section. A brief version is found on the next several slides.
60 Direct Spark Ignition (DSI) Sequence of operation Thermostat calls for heat.The control module energizes the ignition transformer so that a high intensity spark is created at the pilot burner. The control module, at the same time, will energize terminals MV/PV to PV to open the pilot valve.
61 Direct Spark Ignition (DSI) Sequence of operation Pilot gas flows to the pilot assembly and is lit by the spark.The pilot flame will then allow current to flow across the spark gap from the high tension cable through the GND wire.
62 Direct Spark Ignition (DSI) Sequence of operation 5. The control module will sense ‘proof’ of pilot flame and will then energize terminals MV/PV to MV and allow the main valve to open to the main burners.
63 In conclusion, you can determine the sequence of operation of these two systems by looking at the schematic. If the schematic shows the control module with MV, MV/PV and PV, then there will be a pilot valve and a main valve. If the control module only has MV and MV, then there is no pilot valve.
64 The sequence of operation would be either: 1 The sequence of operation would be either: 1. light pilot, prove pilot flame, then open main valve or 2. light main burners, prove main burner flame.In either sequence, there is NO standing pilot. Therefore it is a pilotless ignition system.
65 This concludes the information relating to ‘Group IV This concludes the information relating to ‘Group IV.’ Refer to your textbook for additional information.
67 When troubleshooting, what are the three circuits a technician might have to troubleshoot? PowerControlSafety
68 What are the first three things you do when you arrive on the job? ASK the customer what they observed.Check that the system switch on the thermostat is properly set.Set the thermostat to call for MAXIMUM heat.
69 Continue onto the next power point presentation in this series Continue onto the next power point presentation in this series. Look for the title: Fan and Limit