2 CHAPTER 4 Systems and Checks Prior to Driving STUDY GUIDE FOR CHAPTER 4 LESSON 1Comfort and Control SystemsMatch the vehicle part on the left with a description of one of the part’s functions on the right.dgahfbceji1. air conditionera. turns on the vehicles electrical system2. air ventsb. makes your vehicle stop without a lot of foot power3. ignition switchc. maintains speed so that you do not have to use the accelerator4. accelerator pedald. lowers the vehicle’s humidity5. parking brakee. controls the direction in which the vehicle is going6. power brakesf. keeps a stopped vehicle from rolling7. cruise controlg. allows outside air to flow into the vehicle8. steering wheelh. controls speed9. brake pedali. allows you to switch gears with a manual transmission10. clutch pedalj. enables you to slow or stop your vehicle
3 The ignition system has five positions The ignition system has five positions. What are they, and what do they do?On:turns on ignition, electrical systems, dashboard information gauges and warning lights.Start:draws power from the battery to the engine.Off:turns off the engine but does not allow the key to be removed.Lock:locks the ignition switch and steering wheel.Accessory:lets you use electrical equipment without running the engine.FIND OUT MORE. Talk with somebody you know who has a vehicle with cruise control.When does this person use cruise control?Does the person feel that less concentration is needed on the road because of cruise control?Why shouldn’t you ever use cruise control in the rain???
4 STUDY GUIDE FOR CHAPTER 4 LESSON 2 Visibility and Protective SystemsFor each sentence below, circle T if the statement is true and F if it is false. Correct each false statement in the space below.Your side-marker lights come on when you turn on your headlights.TrueA good set of mirrors will eliminate all blind spots.False – Mirrors cannot eliminate all blind spots.You can rely exclusively on your mirrors when backing up.False – You must also turn your head to look over your shoulders.If you are wearing a shoulder-lap seat belt at the time of a crash, your risk of being killed is reduced by 50 percent.True (text says 45%)An example of a passive safety device is an air bag.
5 All states require very young children to ride in safety-tested states and approved car seats. TrueAir bags are most effective in preventing injuries in rear-end crashes.False – Air bags are most effective in preventing injuries in frontal crashes.Head restraints are valuable in preventing injuries to the head because the restraints prevent your head from hitting the steering wheel.False – Head restraints prevent injuries to the neck by stopping the head from snapping back.FIND OUT MORE. During the daylight hours when rain, snow, or ice, motorists must turn on ______________ and ____________________.Headlights Windshield wipers
6 Ask an adult to move a vehicle to an open area Ask an adult to move a vehicle to an open area. Get into the driver’s seat, and adjust the mirrors so that you can see as much of what is behind and next to you as possible. Have the adult walk around the vehicle while you observe the person. Where are the blind spots in that vehicle? How did you know? Draw a diagram below that demonstrates exactly where the blind spots are:
9 STUDY GUIDE FOR CHAPTER 4 LESSON 3 Information and Communication SystemsFor each sentence below, circle T if the statement is true and F if it is false. Correct each false statement in the space below.If your alternator warning light comes on, you should turn off any unnecessary electrical devices and check with a mechanic as soon as possible.TrueThe oil-pressure gauge tells you if your vehicle is low on oil.False – The oil-pressure gauge tells you if the pressure at which the oil is being pumped is low.If brake fluid is leaking, the brake warning light will come on.Your vehicle’s backup lights are red or amber and come on when you shift into Reverse.False – Your vehicle’s backup lights are white and come on when you shift into Reverse.Vehicles are required by law to have a license-plate light.
10 What does each of the following do? SpeedometerShows how fast the vehicle is moving.Fuel gaugeShows how full or empty the gas tank is.High-beam indicatorTells you whether your high-beam headlights are on or off.Temperature gaugeTells you if the engine temperature is too hot.AlternatorProvides electricity to keep the engine running.Oil pressure gaugeWarns when the pressure of the oil being pumped to the engine is low.Emergency flashersWarns other driver that the vehicle is stopped or slow moving.OdometerKeeps track of miles driven.
11 FIND OUT MORE. Ask someone you know who drives what the effect would be on the vehicle’s safety if each of the above did not work.SpeedometerYou would not be able to tell how fast the vehicle is moving.Fuel gaugeYou could run out of gas easily.High-beam indicatorIt may be difficult to tell if the high-beams are on.Temperature gaugeThe engine could overheat easily without any warning.AlternatorBattery will eventually run down and you are out of power.Oil pressure gaugeThe engine may seize if there isn’t any oil lubricating the engine .Emergency flashersLack of communication with other drivers may cause them to crash into stopped or slow moving vehicles.OdometerYou may not be able to tell when it is time to change the oil.
12 Horn, lights, and hand signals The best way to “talk” to other drivers on the road is to use ___________, ____________, and __________ _________________.Horn, lights, and hand signals
16 STUDY GUIDE FOR CHAPTER 4 LESSON 4 Checking Your Vehicle Before DrivingFor each sentence below, circle T if the statement is true and F if it is false. Correct each false statement in the space below.Each year, about 200 children under the age of six are killed while playing in the family driveway.TrueYou should inspect the area around your vehicle after you get into it.False – You should inspect the area around your vehicle before you get into it.You should check the level of engine oil once a month.False - You should check the oil once a week.When checking the battery, you should check for corrosion.You should always load packages from the roadside of a parked vehicle.False – Always load packages from the curbside of the car.When entering a vehicle, you should walk around the front of the vehicle, facing traffic.
17 What procedures should you follow for an inside-the-vehicle check before you start the vehicle? Close and lock all doorsPut your seatbelt on/make sure all passengers put theirs onAdjust the seat, head restraint and mirrorsHave passengers adjust head restraintsClean inside of windowsSecure all packagesFamiliarize yourself with controlsPut the key in the ignitionFIND OUT MORE.In the event of a crash or sudden stop, use of seat belts may keep you from ____________ ________ the seat, from hitting the ___________________, and from being ___________ from the car.Sliding off windshield thrown
18 Seatbelt Montage [15 mins] Reducing Your Risks In The Crash