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Life-Span Human Development, Fifth Edition, Carol K. Sigelman and Elizabeth A. Rider Chapter 14 Chapter 14 Attachment and Social Relationships.

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Presentation on theme: "Life-Span Human Development, Fifth Edition, Carol K. Sigelman and Elizabeth A. Rider Chapter 14 Chapter 14 Attachment and Social Relationships."— Presentation transcript:

1 Life-Span Human Development, Fifth Edition, Carol K. Sigelman and Elizabeth A. Rider Chapter 14 Chapter 14 Attachment and Social Relationships

2 Life-Span Human Development, Fifth Edition, Carol K. Sigelman and Elizabeth A. Rider Chapter 14 Attachment The case of “Baby Jessica” (p. 385) –Children are resilient –Negative early experiences rarely ruin them for life Close relationships provide –Learning experiences –Social support – the emotional and practical help from others that bolsters us as individuals, and protects us from stress. –social convoy – a social support system that changes in size and composition over the life span. –Infant’s social convoy is initially only parents and expands to include relatives, friends, teachers, romantic partners and so on over the life span.

3 Life-Span Human Development, Fifth Edition, Carol K. Sigelman and Elizabeth A. Rider Chapter 14 Attachment Theory Bowlby: A strong affectional tie that binds a person to an intimate companion Helps regulate distress by maintaining proximity seeking through crying, clinging, approaching, and following to maintain closeness –By about 6-7 months Ainsworth: special, irreplaceable people –Desire to maintain proximity –Derive a sense of security Bowlby: normal environment important

4 Life-Span Human Development, Fifth Edition, Carol K. Sigelman and Elizabeth A. Rider Chapter 14 Ethology Konrad Lorenz: Imprinting – innate form of learning in which the young will follow and become attached to a moving object during a critical period; it is irreversible Humans: Attachment –Sensitive period- longer time period and not automatic behavior; caregiver’s response is important –Predisposed

5 Life-Span Human Development, Fifth Edition, Carol K. Sigelman and Elizabeth A. Rider Chapter 14 Attachment-Related Fears Separation anxiety: 6-8 mo –Peaks around 14-18 mo –Gradually wanes Stranger anxiety: 8-10 mo –Declines during 2 nd yr Ainsworth: secure base for exploration

6 Life-Span Human Development, Fifth Edition, Carol K. Sigelman and Elizabeth A. Rider Chapter 14 Attachment video

7 Life-Span Human Development, Fifth Edition, Carol K. Sigelman and Elizabeth A. Rider Chapter 14 Quality of Attachment Caregiver provides “contact comfort” – pleasurable tactile sensation; important for attachment Ainsworth: Strange Situation Test –Secure attachment: 60-65% of 1-year olds – sensitive and responsive parenting style - comfortable exploring and using mom as base –Insecure attachment categories resistant - Inconsistent parenting style; often unresponsive (e.g., depressed) - 10% of 1- year olds – ambivalent reaction to caregiver, very distressed when separated from mom, resists physical contact with mom

8 Life-Span Human Development, Fifth Edition, Carol K. Sigelman and Elizabeth A. Rider Chapter 14 Avoidant – rejecting-unresponsive or intrusive- overly stimulating parenting style – 15% of 1-year olds Rejection, impatient, resentful of mom, do not explore, not wary of strangers Disorganized/disoriented – frightening (e.g., abusive) or frightened (e.g., overwhelmed) – 15% of infants, - features of both the resistant and the avoidant styles - most insecure, confusion about approaching or avoiding, few strategies for regulating negative emotions

9 Life-Span Human Development, Fifth Edition, Carol K. Sigelman and Elizabeth A. Rider Chapter 14


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