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Copyright © 2010 by Nelson Education Ltd. Chapter 7 Marketing Research, Decision Support Systems, and Sales Forecasting with Duane Weaver
Copyright © 2010 by Nelson Education Ltd. Chapter Objectives 1. Marketing Research Function 2. The Marketing Research Process 3. Conducting International Marketing Research 4. Computer Technology in Marketing Research 5. Sales Forecasting – Qualitative & Quantitative 7-2
Copyright © 2010 by Nelson Education Ltd. The Marketing Research Function Marketing research Process of collecting and using information for marketing decision- making Marketers use data from a variety of sources to understand customers, target customer segments, and develop long-term customer relationships Research is the primary source of information used to make effective marketing decisions 7-3
Copyright © 2010 by Nelson Education Ltd. Who Conducts Marketing Research The size and organizational form of the marketing research function is typically tied to a given company’s structure Many firms outsource research needs Syndicated services– Organizations that regularly provide a standardized set of data to all customers Full-service research suppliers― Organizations that conduct complete marketing research projects Limited-service research suppliers― Firms that specialize in selected activities, such as conducting field interviews or performing data processing 7-4
Copyright © 2010 by Nelson Education Ltd. 7-5 The Marketing Research Process
Copyright © 2010 by Nelson Education Ltd. Step 1: Define the Problem Well-defined problems are half-solved Avoid confusing symptoms with problem itself Loss of market share is a symptom; reason for the loss is the problem Step 2: Conduct Exploratory Research Exploratory research Process of discussing a marketing problem with informed sources both within and outside the firm and examining information from secondary sources 7-6
Copyright © 2010 by Nelson Education Ltd. Using Internal Data Research from past customer surveys and demographic data Sales analysis can compare expected sales with actual sales and be analyzed in a variety of ways, such as by customer type, sales method, and others Accounting data provides information about financial issues Marketing cost analysis evaluates expenses for a variety of costs 7-7
Copyright © 2010 by Nelson Education Ltd. Step 3: Formulate a Hypothesis Tentative explanation for some specific event Sets the stage for more in-depth research Not all marketing research tests specific hypotheses Step 4: Create a Research Design Master plan or model for conducting marketing research Must ensure that it will measure what researchers intend to measure 7-8
Copyright © 2010 by Nelson Education Ltd. Step 5: Collect Data Secondary data (Data from previously published or compiled sources) Primary data (Refers to data collected for the first time specifically for a marketing research study) Step 6: Interpret and Present Research Information Present in a format that allows managers to make effective judgments Researchers and end users must collaborate to ensure effectiveness of research Reports must be clear and concise Must explain technical terminology 7-9
Copyright © 2010 by Nelson Education Ltd. Sampling Techniques Sampling Process of selecting survey respondents or other research participants Probability: Random, Stratified, Clustered Non-Probability: Convenience, Quota Population (universe) Total group that researchers want to study Census A collection of data on all possible members of a population or universe 7-10
Copyright © 2010 by Nelson Education Ltd. Types of Primary Research 7-11
Copyright © 2010 by Nelson Education Ltd. Follow same basic steps as for domestic marketing research Researchers must be aware of cultural and legal environments May have to adapt research methods to local conditions ◦Example: Focus groups may be difficult to organize in countries where violence and kidnapping are common 7-12 Conducting International Marketing Research
Copyright © 2010 by Nelson Education Ltd. Computer Technology in Marketing Research Marketing information system (MIS) Marketing decision support system (MDSS) Data mining Business intelligence Competitive intelligence 7-13
Copyright © 2010 by Nelson Education Ltd. Sales Forecasting Sales Forecast Estimate of company or product revenue for a specified future period 7-14
Copyright © 2010 by Nelson Education Ltd. Qualitative Forecasting Techniques These techniques rely on subjective data that reports opinions rather than exact historical data Jury of Executive Opinion Combines and averages the outlooks of top executives from such areas as marketing, finance, production, and purchasing Delphi Technique Solicits opinions from several people, but it also gathers input from experts outside the firm rather than relying completely on company executives 7-15
Copyright © 2010 by Nelson Education Ltd. Sales Force Composite Develops forecasts based on the belief that organization members closest to the marketplace offer the best insights concerning short-term future sales Survey of Buyer Intentions Gathers input through mail-in questionnaires, online feedback, telephone polls, and personal interviews to determine the purchasing intentions of a representative group of present and potential customers 7-16 Qualitative Forecasting Techniques (continued)
Copyright © 2010 by Nelson Education Ltd. Quantitative Forecasting Techniques This method uses statistical computations such as trend extensions, computer simulations, and economic models Market Tests Gauges consumer responses to a new product under actual marketplace conditions Allows researchers to evaluate the effects of different prices, alternative promotional strategies, and other marketing mix variations Trend Analysis Develops forecasts for future sales by analyzing the historical relationship between sales and time 7-17
Copyright © 2010 by Nelson Education Ltd. Quantitative Forecasting Techniques (CONTINUED) Exponential Smoothing Sophisticated method of trend analysis that weighs each year’s sales data, giving greater weight to results from the most recent years 7-18
Copyright © 2010 by Nelson Education Ltd. Thank You Utilize market research to your advantage. Databases (in our library) ◦Euromonitor ◦GDMI database ◦Conference Board Financial Sources ◦SEDAR – Canadian Securities Publically Traded with Annual Reports (competitors too) ◦Exchanges ◦All annual reports 7-19
Market Research Ms. Roberts 10/12. Definition: The process of obtaining the information needed to make sound marketing decisions.
Target Markets: Segmentation and Evaluation
4.11 PowerPoint Emily Smith.
CHAPTER 8 Marketing Research and Sales Forecasting Chapter Objectives
Chapter 5. MARKET MEASUREMENT BA L.P.Chew
Marketing Plans n Strategic Marketing Plans – based on careful examination of a firm’s core business strategy and primary marketing objectives n Tactical.
Irwin/McGraw-Hill Copyright © 2001 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. 1-1.
1 Marketing Plans Strategic Marketing Plans – based on careful examination of a firm’s core business strategy and primary marketing objectives Tactical.
Chapter 8. Organizational Demand Analysis BA L.P.Chew
Principles of Marketing
Conducting Marketing Research and Forecasting Demand
Marketing Research and Sales Forecasting
© 2010 Innovation and Business Industry Skills Council Ltd. BSBMKG506B Plan market research Session 3 Define data gathering approaches.
Chpt 5 Obtaining Data for Marketing Decisions.
Knowledge is Power Marketing Information System (MIS) determines what information managers need and then gathers, sorts, analyzes, stores, and distributes.
International Marketing Research: Practices and Challenges
Marketing Research Decision-Support Systems, and Sales Forecasting
The Strategic Role of Information in Sales Management
Foundations of Chapter M A R K E T I N G Copyright © 2003 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited. Obtaining Data for Marketing Decisions 7.
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