Presentation on theme: "State Policies to Promote Economic Self- Sufficiency through Asset Development NGA Center for Best Practices - Annual Human Services Policy Retreat Miami,"— Presentation transcript:
State Policies to Promote Economic Self- Sufficiency through Asset Development NGA Center for Best Practices - Annual Human Services Policy Retreat Miami, FL □ June 18, 2005 Carl Rist, Director, SEED Initiative CFED
www.cfed.org Why Asset Development? 1. Assets matter Welfare policy too focused on consumption Assets change thinking and behavior: Greater household stability Long-term thinking and planning Enhance well-being and life chances of kids “Income may feed people’s stomachs, but assets change their heads.” (Michael Sherraden, Wash Univ. in St. Louis)
www.cfed.org Why Asset Development? 2. Unequal asset distribution
www.cfed.org Why Asset Development? 3. It works ADD evaluation (large-scale IDA demonstration with over 2,000 participants). On average, ADD participants: Had family income at 116% of the family-size- adjusted poverty line, Saved $19.07 per month in average net deposits (1.6% of monthly income), Made a deposit in about 6 of every 12 months, With an average match rate of 2:1, accumulated $700 per year in IDAs. 300 IDA programs; at least 15,000 savers.
www.cfed.org 2005 Assets and Opportunity Scorecard: Financial security across the states Most comprehensive tool yet to measure ownership and financial security at the state level Assessment of states’ efforts to encourage and protect wealth among their residents
www.cfed.org 2005 Assets and Opportunity Scorecard Emphasize assets as a unifying theme for promoting economic opportunity. Data are organized into five indexes: Financial security Business development Homeownership Health care Education These issue areas show that asset building is essential to these elements of economic opportunity as well as make the data more accessible to advocates.
www.cfed.org 2005 Assets and Opportunity Scorecard Data Cover performance and policies in the five areas. Include both quantitative and qualitative measures. Describe how well each state and the District of Columbia helps its residents to build and protect wealth.
www.cfed.org Assets across America: the national picture Nearly one in five households owes more than it owns One in four families does not own enough to subsist at the poverty level for three months One in four female-headed households has zero or negative net worth One in three minority-headed households has zero or negative net worth
www.cfed.org Assets across America: Financial Security Findings on Net Worth For every one dollar in net worth of a household headed by a male, a female- headed household has less than 40 cents. For every one dollar in net worth of a household headed by a white adult, a minority-headed household has about 6 cents. The median Massachusetts household has four times the net worth of the median Texas household.
www.cfed.org A look at Michigan Overall grade on asset performance: C Overall policy rating: Substandard IndexGradeRating Financial securityCSubstandard Business DevelopmentDSubstandard HomeownershipBStandard Health careBSubstandard EducationCFavorable Tax policy and accountability Favorable
www.cfed.org Noteworthy numbers for Michigan #5 in homeownership rate #7 in homeownership by income #8 in Head Start coverage, college degrees by race #44 in foreclosure rate, college degrees by income #46 in microenterprise ownership #48 in small business ownership
www.cfed.org Notable policies in Michigan Favorable to asset building and protection: Match for low-income families saving in MI 529 plan High asset limits on means-tested programs Property tax relief for all homeowners First-time homebuyers’ assistance High per pupil spending Tax expenditure report
www.cfed.org Asset-building policy opportunities in Michigan Raise the income tax threshold Raise the state minimum wage above the federal level Expand SBIC financing Provide CDBG funds for microenterprises Use bond sales for affordable housing Raise income limits for public health care coverage Publish a multitax incidence report
www.cfed.org www.cfed.org/go/scorecard All data available for download State summary of data List of advocacy organizations by location and issue area expertise CFED’s center for policy advocacy Media samples Guide to create state scorecard
www.cfed.org A New Idea: Children’s Savings What difference would it make if every child started with an account at birth? Vision: $1,000 at birth for every child, Accounts used for asset building, Universal system Progressive matches Appropriate financial education delivered at scale
www.cfed.org Children’s Savings Policy International precedent: Child Trust Fund Federal proposal: ASPIRE Act State precedents: Oregon’s Children’s Development Accounts 529 College Savings Plans
www.cfed.org Children’s Savings: SEED Initiative Multi-year, multi-site experiment with SEED (children’s savings) accounts 1,250 accounts with children in 12 sites, including 500 in MI. State policy partners: Illinois Michigan Kentucky Oklahoma Alaska One state “Universal Model” experiment to be chosen
www.cfed.org Contact: Carl Rist CFED 123 W. Main St., Suite 210 Durham, NC 27701 919.688.6444 919.688.6580 (fax) email@example.com www.cfed.org www.cfed.org/go/scorecard