Presentation on theme: "Mdt. sprogproduktion English Prosody. Agenda Brief survey of the ground you’ve already covered English prosody Assignment Four –Hand in print copy April."— Presentation transcript:
What you’re going to do today Suprasegmentals: the sound effects that exist over and across the individual sound segments. Tonetic or interlinear transsciption
What you’re going to do next time The rhetorical structures of meaning in presentations
Suprasegmentals: the sound effects that exist over and across the individual sound segments. Phonetic and tonetic (interlinear) transscription:........ /aId laIk tə baI ə hæmb ɜ :gə/
Suprasegmentals: Prosody Accent (the prominence of a syllable relative to other syllables in an utterance): –Stress –Tone movement and pitch level –Vowel length –Vowel quality Intonation: –Pitch level –Pitch range
Accent Produced by four factors: –Stress: articulatory energy and auditory loudness –Tone movement and pitch level –Vowel length –Vowel quality
Accent Word accent Accent has a distinctive function: Conduct Dictate Object Protest Suspect. /prətest/. /prə ʊ test/
Four kinds of sentence accent Primary accent: dynamic tonal prominence, strong stress Secondary accent: static tonal prominence and stress Tertiary accent: stress, distinct vowel quality or length No accent: absence of stress and blurred or lacking vowel quality.
Four kinds of sentence accent........ aId laIk tə baI ə hæmb ɜ :gə
The tone group ”[…] a section of speech containing one peak of prominence in the form of a syllable pronounced with tone glide and strong stress (i.e. with primary accent)” (113) ”The nucleus is the part of the tone group which is most important in content. Its function is to express what the teacher chooses to make the main point of his meaasage.” (115)
Four kinds of sentence accent (pp. 108-109) You ought to be more co-operative, mister But he was spry and cheerful He ran through the forest frenziedly The food was elegant and expensive It’s fun to jump in the sun What would you like for lunch?
Intonation and meaning Three functions: –Attitudinal: expresses attitude –Grammatical: expresses meanings signalled syntactically –Segmental: accoustic units of meaning Three functions: –A dog, a dog?, a dog! –You have a cold(?) –Example p. 112
Intonation and meaning Certainty / uncertainty as to yes or no Kindness / unkindness Completeness / incompleteness Falling Rising Falling-rising
Examples So you’re a writer? I’ve never heard of you. Have you had anything published? Oh really? What kind of things do you write? Stuff you make up? To avoid discovery I stay on the run. To discover things for myself I stay on the run
Assignment Four Hand in print copy April 26, 9 am. Feedback April 29, 9-11 pm.