Presentation on theme: "Articles, Determiners, and Quantifiers"— Presentation transcript:
1 Articles, Determiners, and Quantifiers DEFINITION AND USE
2 WHAT ARE THEY EXACTLYArticles, determiners, and quantifiers are those little words that precede and modify nouns.the teacher, a college, a bit of honey, that person, those people, whatever purpose, either way, your choice
3 CAN BE SPECIFIC OR GENERAL Sometimes these words will tell the reader or listener whether we're referring to a specific or general thingthe garage out backA horse! A horse! My kingdom for a horse!
4 sometimes they tell how much or how many lots of trees, several books, a great deal of confusion
5 DETERMINERS… Determiners are said to "mark" nouns. A determiner will be followed by a noun.Some categories of determiners are limited
6 DeterminersDeterminers are used in front of nouns to indicate whether you are referring to something specific or something of a particular type.a carThis Applesa fast car
7 DETERMINERSDeterminers are different to pronouns in that a determiner is always followed by a noun.Therefore personal pronouns ( I , you , he , etc.) and possessive pronouns (mine, yours, his, etc.) cannot be determiners.
8 DETERMINERSThe definite and indefinite articles a/an/the are all determiners.You use a specific determiner when people know exactly which thing(s) or person/people you are talking about.
9 THE SPECIFIC DETERMINERS ARE: the definite article : thedemonstratives : this, that, these, thosepossessives : my, your, his, her, its, our, theirFor example:"The dog barked at the boy.“"These apples are rotten.“"Their bus was late."
10 GENERAL DETERMINERSthe indefinite articles : a, ana few a little all another anyboth each either enough everyfew fewer less little many more most muchneither no other several some
11 For example: "A man sat under an umbrella.“ "Have you got any English books that I could have?“"There is enough food to feed everyone."
13 ADVERBS Adverbs are words that modify a verb (He drove slowly. — How did he drive?)an adjective (He drove a very fast car. — How fast was his car?)another adverb (She moved quite slowly down the aisle. — How slowly did she move?)
14 ADVERBSadverbs often tell when, where, why, or under what conditions something happens or happened.Adverbs frequently end in –lyhowever, many words and phrases not ending in -ly serve an adverbial function.and an -ly ending is not a guarantee that a word is an adverb.
15 ADVERBSThe words lovely, lonely, motherly, friendly, neighborly, for instance, are adjectives:That lovely woman lives in a friendly neighborhood.
16 ADVERBSAdverbs can modify adjectives, but an adjective cannot modify an adverb.We would say that:"the students showed a really wonderful attitude“"the students showed a wonderfully casual attitude“"my professor is really tall.but not : "He ran real fast."
17 ADVERBSLike adjectives, adverbs can have comparative and superlative forms to show degree.Walk faster if you want to keep up with me.The student who reads fastest will finish first.
18 ADVERBSWe often use more and most, less and least to show degree with adverbs:With sneakers on, she could move more quickly among the patients.The flowers were the most beautifully arranged creations I've ever seen.
19 ExamplesShe worked less confidently after her accident. That was the least skillfully done performance I've seen in years.
20 Kinds of AdverbsAdverbs of Manner She moved slowly and spoke quietly. Adverbs of Place She has lived on the island all her life. She still lives there now.
21 Kinds of AdverbsAdverbs of Frequency She takes the boat to the mainland every day. She often goes by herself. Adverbs of Time She tries to get back before dark. It's starting to get dark now. She finished her tea first. She left early.
22 Kinds of AdverbsAdverbs of Purpose She drives her boat slowly to avoid hitting the rocks. She shops in several stores to get the best buys.