2 Examples I play tennis every day. The sun rises from the east. The train leaves at 6 PM.They like apples.The simple present is a verb. It has only two forms:the simple form without an –s (sleep).the simple form + s (sleeps) with third person singular subjects.
3 Forming the simple present VerbSubjectHeIWorksSheWorkYouItWeThey
4 Usages of the simple present USE 1 Repeated ActionsUse the Simple Present to express the idea that an action is repeated or usual. The action can be a habit, a hobby, a daily event, a scheduled event or something that often happens.E.g. She walks to school.
5 Usages of the simple present USE 2 Facts or GeneralizationsThe Simple Present can also indicate the speaker believes that a fact was true before, is true now, and will be true in the future. It is used to make generalizations about people or things.E.g. Cats like milk.
6 Usages of the simple present USE 3 Scheduled Events in the Near FutureSpeakers occasionally use Simple Present to talk about scheduled events in the near future. This is most commonly done when talking about public transportation, but it can be used with other scheduled events as well.E.g. The party starts at 8 o’clock.
7 Adverbs of frequency Examples I always brush my teeth before I go to bed.Ann usually has toast for breakfast.Mr. Smith often goes to the park with his dog.We sometimes see Susan down at the shops.They rarely smoke cigars.He never works on the weekend.
9 Adverbs of frequencyAdverbs of frequency tell us how many times something happens.Always = every dayUsually = happens most daysOften = many timesSometimes= at particular occasions but not all the timeRarely = it is not commonNever = not at any time or not on any occasionAdverbs of frequency come between the subject and the main verb.Simple presentAdv. Of frequencySubjectmy homeworkdoalwaysI
10 Adverbs of frequency with to be ExamplesTom is usually very friendly.Ramon and Frank are often hungry.Ted is rarely late.We put adverbs of frequency after the verb to be (is / are).Adverb of frequencySimple present to besubjectnicealwaysisPeter
11 3.4 spelling of final -s & -es PronunciationExamplesSpellingVerb/s/He likes coffee..It sleeps.+sThe verb ends in the sounds /f/, /k/, /p/, /t//z/He swims.She reads.ends in the sounds /b/, /d/, /g/, /l/, /m/, /n/, /r/, /v/ or in a vowel/iz/She watches TV.It finishes at 10 p.m.+esends in /ch/, /sh/, /s/, /x/, /z/.He worries a lot.Drop y, add -iesends con. + yShe stays at home.ends in a vowel+ y
12 3.5 Irregular verbs has a problem. He She It I have a job. does the work.I do the work.goes outside.I go to work.
13 3.6 have (got) & has (got) We use have (got) & has (got): For things we possess or own. I have got a car.To describe people, places, animals, and things. She has (got) black hair.For our families and people we know. I have (got) a son.With some expressions like the following: have got (a cold, the flu, temperature, headache, toothache, a problem)
14 3.6 have (got) & has (got) Singular have (got) I, you a book has (got) He, she, itPluralbooks.You, we, they
15 3.8 The simple present: yes / no We use do or does to make questions in the simple present. We always use the base form after do and does.Neg.Affirm.Base v.subjectdo/doesNo, they don’tWe don’tYes,I do.You do.Work?I, we, you, theyDoNo, it doesn’tYes, he doesHe, she, itDoes
16 The simple present:wh- questions Where does he live?What do they do?We put question words (what, where, when, why, who,…) before do or does.Frequency adverbs comes after the subject in the question.When do you usually get up?
17 4.1 The present continuous We form the present continuous with the present of verb to be (am, is, are) and the base verb + ing.Base v. + ingTo besubjectamIworkingisHe, she, itareThey, we, you
18 4.2 The spelling of verbs ending in -ing exampleRuleVerb endingdancingcomingdance, comeDrop the e, add -ingConsonant + efittingshowingfixingsayingsitshowfixsayDouble the con., add –ingDo not double the con.1 vowel + consonantVerbs end in w, x, yeatingsleepingeatsleepDo not double, add -ing2 vowels + 1 con.talkingreadingtalkreadAdd -ingAll other verbs
19 4.3 The present continuous negative To form the negative of the present continuous, we use not after the verb to be and the verb with –ing.He is not working.You are not sleeping.
20 4.4 The present continuous: yes/ no questions Base v. + ingsubjectTo beIAmWorking?he, she, itIsyou, we, theyAre
21 4.5 The present continuous: wh- questions Where, What, Why, When, How, WhoI am drinking tea.What am I drinking?
22 4.6 Verbs not used in the present continuous Non action verbs (describe a state or condition):Believe hate have hear know like remember thinksee smell taste thinkunderstand wantJulia has a car.Julia is having a cup of tea.
23 Conclusion The simple present has two forms. Adverbs of frequency usually come with the simple present between the subject and the verb.Adverbs of frequency come after verb to be.