Presentation on theme: "Interactive Time Line Milestone: Walt Whitman Milestone: Emily Dickinson Milestone: Civil War What Have You Learned? Feature Menu American Masters: Whitman."— Presentation transcript:
Interactive Time Line Milestone: Walt Whitman Milestone: Emily Dickinson Milestone: Civil War What Have You Learned? Feature Menu American Masters: Whitman and Dickinson
Choose a link on the time line to go to a milestone. 18001900 1819–1892 Walt Whitman 1830–1886 Emily Dickinson 1850 1861–1865 Civil War American Masters: Whitman and Dickinson
Spent five years teaching school 1819–1841 Student of the World Dropped out of school at age eleven and became a printer’s assistant Born on Long Island, just outside of Brooklyn on May 31, 1819 Walt Whitman
1819–1841 Student of the World Traveled to New Orleans; saw American frontier firsthand Returned to New York, became an editor, and began writing poetry Supplemented income working as carpenter and contractor
Walt Whitman Leaves of Grass Self-published in 1855 and sent to select people to raise interest Praised by Emerson as “extraordinary piece of wit and wisdom” Expanded and revised nine times “Deathbed edition” published in 1891
Walt Whitman Incorporated lists, repetition, and contradiction Technique based on cadence and free versecadence Celebrated American life and the power of the individual Leaves of Grass Introduced bold new style of poetry
Walt Whitman Cadence—the natural, rhythmic rise and fall of a language as it is normally spoken. The boatmen and clam-diggers arose early and stopt for me, I tuck’d my trowser-ends in my boots and went and had a good time. Listen to the cadence in these lines from Whitman‘s poem Song of Myself, number 10.
Walt Whitman Profoundly affected by experience 1861–1892 Stayed to help thousands of other injured soldiers During Civil War, traveled to Virginia to nurse his injured brother Union Hospital at Fair Oaks, Virginia
Walt Whitman Lived in Camden, New Jersey, from 1884 until his death Included elegies for Lincoln—“When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom’d” and “O Captain! My Captain!” After the Civil War and Lincoln’s assassination, published Drum-Taps 1861–1892
Emily Dickinson Attended Mount Holyoke Female Seminary for one year Recluse of Amherst Born in Amherst, Massachusetts
Emily Dickinson Began writing poems—sent some as birthday or valentine greetings After trip, retreated from society, rarely leaving her house Traveled to Washington, D.C. Recluse of Amherst
Emily Dickinson Stanzas controlled by rhyme and meter commonly used in hymns hymns Style of Writing Language concise and evocative Delicate, careful observations of life from behind curtains
Emily Dickinson Second and fourth lines have six syllables. Hymn Stanzas First and third lines have eight syllables. Dickinson often used “common meter,” a four-line hymnal stanza. Let every mortal ear attend, And every heart rejoice, The trumpet of the gospel sounds With an inviting voice. from “Hymn 1:7” by Isaac Watts The rhyme scheme is either abcb or abab.
The Civil War Lincoln was assassinated in 1865, after the war ended. President Lincoln issued Emancipation Proclamation, freeing slaves in South. War between the States (1861–1865) Issue of slavery divided the nation. Union forces fought Confederate forces. “Home Sweet Home”
The Civil War Whitman, Dickinson, and the Civil War Whitman had firsthand experiences of the war— he cared for wounded soldiers and worked as a war correspondent. He wrote extensively about the war and his experiences. Although Dickinson did not experience the war firsthand, she was aware of happenings of the war. Dickinson produced the majority of her work during this time period.
_____________ Wrote Leaves of Grass _____________ Became a recluse as an adult _____________ Used rhyme and meter of hymns in poetry _____________ Used cadence and free verse in poetry What Have You Learned? Indicate whether the following statements refer to Emily Dickinson or Walt Whitman. Emily Dickinson Walt Whitman
Solitary Man This photograph shows a man in a baseball cap crossing an old planked bridge. His head is down and his hands are in his pockets. Activity: What might this solitary figure suggest about the writers in this collection? Viewing the Art
The partially hidden face of the man suggests that he is deep in thought, perhaps unaware of his surroundings.