2 Reading CriticallyNot about finding fault with author Rather engaging author in a discussion by asking questions as you read an article or essay
3 Your paper must include Clear text Logical thoughts and arguments Reliable, credible information Thoughtful and thought provoking Honest writing Objective, well supported reasons
4 How to read criticallyGood note taking Keep a Reader’s log Use the Says/Does technique
5 Or create a critical rereading guide: In your notes, think about the author’sPurposeAudience, readerOccasion, genre, contextThesis and main or supporting ideasOrganization and evidenceLanguage and style
6 Author’s name and title of article You MUST Include:Author’s name and title of articleSummary: List main ideas, key features, examples, and evidence the author may provideResponse:Log your reaction to each main point, record your comments, and questions
7 Purpose of this EssayTo understand an author’s main idea and purpose for work To recognize the main points that support that main idea To be able to summarize (paraphrase) author’s main ideas To be able to respond or react to what the author has to say (to support or defend your point of view)
8 Preparing the Summary Cite the author and the title of the text Indicate the main ideas of the textParaphrase main ideas;(No more than one quote per 3 pages)use key words, phrases, and sentencesInclude author tagsBe objective
9 Structuring Your response Requires your reaction to the text and your interpretation of the text 3 types of responses: depends on purpose and audience
10 1. Analyzing the effectiveness of the text Use this approach if you do no have an opinion on the topicDo an analysis of the structure of the writing, the clarity of the main idea, use of logic and reasoning, strength of argument, use of supporting evidenceOverall effectiveness of the pieceGood writing
11 2. Agreeing or disagreeing with text A response of this nature will react to the ideas or the argument Simply do you agree with the author Why or why not Provide evidence to support your reaction
12 3. Interpretation and Reflection Writer will explain or examine the text by looking at the underlying assumptions or implications of the author’s ideas. You may add your own experience, attitude, and observations as they relate to text
13 3 ways to provide evidence to support your response Your response requires that you provide evidence to support your opinion, whether you agree or disagree with the author Consider what sort of evidence will best support your statements
14 1. Personal ExperienceUse personal experience as examples to demonstrate why you interpret the text the way you do, why you react the way you do, why you agree or disagree I strongly disagree with Tannen’s first point based on my own high school experience, especially in my History class.
15 2. Evidence from the textCite specific phrases or sentences from the text to support yourexplanation of the textanalysis of the effectiveness of the textTo support why you agree or disagree
16 3. Evidence from other texts Acceptable to bring in ideas and information from other texts Your prior knowledge No research required for this assignment Cite sources if you do use borrow material from other sources
17 Include these elements in your essay Brief introduction that will state these items:Title of the article or essay;Name of author; Place of publicationAny key information you might know about author to help establish author’s credibilityState author’s main ideaThesis: a well thought out statement stating your main point about the article or essay.
18 Conclusion Your intro and conclusion should tie together. Make your conclusion come full circle by either:Restating your thesisResummarizing the main pointsRevisiting your “hook” from the intro.
19 Organization: Outline Patterns: Block Pattern 1 I. Introduction with thesis II. Summary of main point III. Points You agree with IV. Points you disagree with Conclusion
20 Pattern 2: Point by Point I. Introduction with thesis Summarize point 1; agree or disagree Summarize point 2; agree or disagree Summarized point 3; agree or disagree Conclusion Note: you do not need to agree or disagree with all points
21 Important things to remember Summarize or paraphrase= brief explanation, omit author’s supporting evidence or examples unless one is vital in understanding author’s pointMake sure to give reasons why you disagreeGive examples, personal experience, facts, any previous experience or knowledge you can draw upon to support your opinion: