Presentation on theme: "West and Central Africa"— Presentation transcript:
1 West and Central Africa CHAPTER 22West and Central AfricaSection 1: Natural EnvironmentsSection 2: History and CultureSection 3: The Region Today
2 SECTION 1Natural EnvironmentsQuestion:What are the region’s landforms, rivers, climate, vegetation, and resources?
3 Climates and Vegetation SECTION 1Natural EnvironmentsLandforms and Riversplains and low hills,some highland areas, broad depressions around Lake Chad and Congo BasinEl DjoufCongo RiverNiger RiverWest and Central AfricaClimates and VegetationNatural Resourcestropical timber, good soils, and many minerals;oil, particularly in Nigeria;minerals in the Democratic Republic of the Congo;cacao, coconuts, and peanuts in West Africazonal climate, mostly tropical;warm throughout the year;arid/semiarid to north with some trees, shrubs, grasses;tropical wet and dry to south with open grasslands, shrubs, and small trees
4 SECTION 2History and CultureQuestion:What are the important events and eras in the history of West and Central Africa?
5 History and Culture SECTION 2 Early History: Great kingdoms, including Ghana and Mali, ruled the region.Tombouctou served as a trade and education center.European Contact:Explorers reached area by late 1400s.Slave trade of 1500s to 1800s brought at least 10 million Africans to Americas.Colonial Era:European countries wanted African resources.Many Africans began to work for wages.Postcolonial Era:All of West and Central Africa was independent by 1976.Some countries enjoy modern technology but also face many challenges.
6 SECTION 3The Region TodayQuestion:To what extent are West and Central African countries economically developed?
7 Subsistence Activities SECTION 3The Region TodayEconomic Development of West and Central AfricaSubsistence Activities• Sahel grasslands used for herding• many crops planted in tropical rain forest• many crops planted in one fieldMarket Activities• primary goods exported• heavy dependence on a few main exports• small amount of manufacturing• plantation agriculture, ranching
8 Chapter Wrap-Up CHAPTER 22 1. In which latitude are the countries of West and Central Africa located? How does this affect the region’s climates?2. What is the environment of the Sahel like?3. How did Islam spread into West and Central Africa?4. In which part of West and Central Africa is Arabic spoken?5. How has rapid population growth affected cities in West and Central Africa?