2 in the most solemn manner, against the baneful effects of the Who warned the nation of factions (group seeking to promote partisan interests)in the quote below?Let me… warn you,in the most solemn manner,against the baneful effects of thespirit of party.
3 What is a Political Party? Essential to representative governmentProvides party competition for powerNo member duesParty Identification: self-proclaimed preference
4 What do Parties Do? Nominate candidates Inform and inspire people to participateArticulate policiesCoordinate policy makingAct as watchdog
5 Why Two-Party System? No solid answers, a combination of answers Two-party rooted from beginningFirst two set precedentSingle-member districts (one per office)Plurality (winner by largest # of votes cast)Easier to compare two peoplePluralistic society (several distinct groups)Same yet different
6 Parties can be thought of in 3 parts: Party-in-the-electorate: identify with partyDecline of both partiesUpsurge of independentsParty as organization: keep the party runningNational office, full-time staff, rulesNational Conventions (4 Years)National CommitteeParty-in-government: people in officeParty control matters when official are elected
8 Party Organization 50 Party System: they are all different Well-organizedSpend lots of moneySome have more power than othersClosed primariesOpen primariesBlanket primariesSplit-ticket votingStraight-ticket voting
9 National Chairpersons DemocratsTim Kaine, VARepublicansMichael Steele
10 Party Organization National organization National Convention: 4 yrs, write parties platform, nominate a candidateNational Committee: composed of reps from statesNational Chairperson: person in charge of day-to-day activities of the National party
13 Two-Party System Section 3 First PartiesFederalistAlexander Hamilton, “Rich and well-born”, strong national gov’t, liberal interpretation of constitutionDemocratic-RepublicansThomas Jefferson, more sympathetic to common man, strict interpretation of Constitution
14 Political ErasParty Eras: dominance of one political party for a lengthy period of timeDivided government: when executive and legislative branches are controlled by different parties
15 American Parties: Four Major Eras : The First Party SystemFirst party: Federalists: Jacksonian Democrats v. WhigsModern party founded by JacksonWhigs formed to oppose Democrats: The Two Republican ErasRepublicans rose as the antislavery party1894 Depression kept Republicans in power: The New Deal CoalitionForged by the Democrats- relied upon urban working class, ethnic groups, Catholics and Jews, the poor, Southerners
16 The Era of the Democrats, 1800—1860 Democrats dominate all but two presidential elections.The Whig Party emerges in 1834, but declines by the 1850s, electing only two Presidents.The Republican Party is founded in 1854.
17 The Era of the Republicans, 1860—1932 Republicans dominate all but four presidential elections.The Civil War disables the Democratic Party for the remainder of the 1800s.
18 The Return of the Democrats, 1932—1968 Democrats dominate all but two presidential elections.Democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt is elected President four times.
19 American Parties: Parties Today The Start of a New Era: The Era of Divided GovernmentSince 1968, neither Republicans nor Democrats have dominated the presidency and Congress has often been controlled by the opposing party.1968–1976Republicans hold the presidencyCongress is controlled by Democrats1976–1980Democrats hold the presidencyCongress is controlled by Democrats1980–1992Republicans hold the presidencySenate controlled by Republicans , controlled by Democrats from 1986 to 19941992 – 2000Democrats hold the presidencyCongress controlled by Republicans, 1994 to present2000Republicans hold the presidencyCongress is controlled by Republicans
20 Minor Parties4 TypesIdeological: particular set of beliefs (Socialist, Communist)Single-issue: focus on 1 public policy (Right to Life Party (against abortion)Economic: rooted in period of economical discontent (Populist 1890)Splinter: split from one of the major partiesBull Moose 1912 (Progressive Party)
21 Third Parties: Their Impact on American Politics Political parties other than Democrat or RepublicanRarely win electionsThird parties bring new groups and ideas into politicsTwo-party system discourages extreme viewsSpoiler role- “pull vote”
22 Summary Parties are a linkage institution Parties’ goal is to win electionsParties have operated in several distinct party systems or erasThe current party system is one of divided government and weak partiesBut this trend is beginning to change22